Growing awareness of environmental issues is influencing the entire materials and product development life-cycle. This begins with the extraction of raw materials and innovating how they are processed. Next, designing alloys that result in lower energy costs, either in terms of their processing, or through higher operating performance. Then, beginning with the end in mind, enabling materials to re-enter the economy at the end of life through improved recyclability.
ICME can be applied to all stages of the materials life-cycle to develop strategies around these topics and in this presentation, several examples will be given where CALPHAD tools have been used to:
Developing new higher efficiency alloys
Develop more efficient manufacturing processes that result in less energy consumption or a higher yield
Enable increased use of recycled materials
Develop and optimize alternative processes for scrap melters who are dealing with ever-increasing levels of undesirable elements and impurities