There is a dramatic increase in alkyd nanocomposites research over the years with the emergence of diverse experimental techniques. This has led to the redefining synthetic processes, analysis and cost control techniques of nanocomposites. The incorporation of nanomaterials into polymer composites can improve properties such as tensile strength, impact and scratch resistance, mechanical properties, drying properties, chemical resistance, thermal stability, electrical conductivity and fire resistance. This improvement is expected due to the collaborative properties of the metallic-nanomaterials (high surface area to volume ratio, small size, extremely small sizes with high density and great functionality per unit space) and alkyd resins (biodegradability, great gloss retention, adaptability, flexibility, durability, good drying properties and weathering resistance). This review examined alkyd resin nanocomposites, possible utilization and the performance of varying types of nano-metallic materials in modifying alkyd resin polymer. The use of metallic nanomaterials has generated alkyd nanocomposites with better coating features which will find increasing applications in anticorrosion, antifouling/antibacterial application, superhydrophobic application, self-cleaning, antiwear and electronics.