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Meeting MS&T23: Materials Science & Technology
Symposium History of Materials Science and Engineering
Presentation Title The Effect of the Kirkendall Effect: The Metastable States and the Energy Barriers to Its Discovery and Acceptance
Author(s) Ashley E. Paz Y Puente
On-Site Speaker (Planned) Ashley E. Paz Y Puente
Abstract Scope While the Kirkendall Effect is now widely accepted by materials scientists, it did not become so without contention. Prior to his discovery, diffusion was thought to occur strictly through an exchange mechanism, but early in his academic career Kirkendall suggested a vacancy mechanism instead which was thought to be foolish and was consequently rejected by all the prominent metallurgists at the time. This talk will cover the history of Kirkendall’s discovery and the twists and turns along the way until its eventual acceptance by the diffusion community. It is a story of defiance and persistence that perhaps many scientists can either relate to or learn something from. In the end, many groundbreaking discoveries require relentless pursuit of truth and knowledge no matter the energy barriers that we may face. Kirkendall is just one example of a scientist whose determination led to a breakthrough that became a cornerstone of materials science.


200 Years of Recrystallization Studies
A Brief History of Texture and Anisotropy
A Historical Overview of the Development of Grain Coarsening Theory
A Perspective on the Uses of Ceramics in Nuclear Reactors LA-UR-23-23416
At the Beginning: Materials Science and Engineering at Northwestern
Corrosion Science Over the Past Century
Experiments of a German Engineer Starting a Blast Furnace in Brazil, in 1818
Floris Osmond and the Discovery of Steel Microstructures
Historical Aspects of Polycrystal Plasticity
History of Extra Super Duralumin Development and Its Spirit Inherited by UACJ
History of Steel Research in Institute for Materials Research ("KINKEN") of Tohoku University
Hub Aaronson and His Impact on the Field of Solid State Phase Transformations
John W Cahn: Architect of a Discipline
Larry Kaufman, CALPHAD, Digitization of Thermodynamics, and Materials Design
Materials Science vs. Engineering – Paradoxes, Peculiarities, and Tensions in an Ever-Evolving Field
Microalloyed Forging Steels – Evolution from Laboratory to Industrial Application
Pierre Armand Jacquet and Electrolytic Polishing
Raman vs. Born, after Eddington vs. Chandrasekhar: Crystals and Stars
The Burgeoning of Materials Science and Engineering in France 1865 - 1914
The Development of Artificially-made Siliceous Ceramic Bodies (i.e. Stonepaste) in the Middle East between the 11th and 17th Centuries
The Effect of the Kirkendall Effect: The Metastable States and the Energy Barriers to Its Discovery and Acceptance
The History of Field Ion Microscopy and Atom Probe Tomography: The First Images of Atoms
The History of IRSID, the French Steel Research Institute
The History of Quantitative Fractography and Fractal Geometry in Ceramics
The Transition from Old Iron to New Steel in China

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