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Meeting MS&T23: Materials Science & Technology
Symposium History of Materials Science and Engineering
Presentation Title A Perspective on the Uses of Ceramics in Nuclear Reactors LA-UR-23-23416
Author(s) Erik Luther
On-Site Speaker (Planned) Erik Luther
Abstract Scope During World War II, concepts for nuclear reactors were designed and built to identify when nuclear criticality could be achieved. After the war, with the availability of enriched uranium, new concepts and applications for nuclear reactors proliferated. In 1946, a reactor design was proposed using enriched uranium metal as a fuel and light water as moderator. This reactor became the world's first light-water reactor when it achieved criticality in 1950. In 1951, the Experimental Breeder Reactor (EBR-1) also a uranium metal fueled reactor became the first nuclear reactor to generate electricity. Today, civilian nuclear power reactors throughout the world employ uranium oxide as fuel. While the stability of uranium oxide has a safety advantage over uranium, how did it become the default standard? In this presentation, I will explore the history of nuclear reactors with a focus on the research and development of ceramics for use in this demanding application.


200 Years of Recrystallization Studies
A Brief History of Texture and Anisotropy
A Historical Overview of the Development of Grain Coarsening Theory
A Perspective on the Uses of Ceramics in Nuclear Reactors LA-UR-23-23416
At the Beginning: Materials Science and Engineering at Northwestern
Corrosion Science Over the Past Century
Experiments of a German Engineer Starting a Blast Furnace in Brazil, in 1818
Floris Osmond and the Discovery of Steel Microstructures
Historical Aspects of Polycrystal Plasticity
History of Extra Super Duralumin Development and Its Spirit Inherited by UACJ
History of Steel Research in Institute for Materials Research ("KINKEN") of Tohoku University
Hub Aaronson and His Impact on the Field of Solid State Phase Transformations
John W Cahn: Architect of a Discipline
Larry Kaufman, CALPHAD, Digitization of Thermodynamics, and Materials Design
Materials Science vs. Engineering – Paradoxes, Peculiarities, and Tensions in an Ever-Evolving Field
Microalloyed Forging Steels – Evolution from Laboratory to Industrial Application
Pierre Armand Jacquet and Electrolytic Polishing
Raman vs. Born, after Eddington vs. Chandrasekhar: Crystals and Stars
The Burgeoning of Materials Science and Engineering in France 1865 - 1914
The Development of Artificially-made Siliceous Ceramic Bodies (i.e. Stonepaste) in the Middle East between the 11th and 17th Centuries
The Effect of the Kirkendall Effect: The Metastable States and the Energy Barriers to Its Discovery and Acceptance
The History of Field Ion Microscopy and Atom Probe Tomography: The First Images of Atoms
The History of IRSID, the French Steel Research Institute
The History of Quantitative Fractography and Fractal Geometry in Ceramics
The Transition from Old Iron to New Steel in China

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