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Meeting MS&T23: Materials Science & Technology
Symposium History of Materials Science and Engineering
Presentation Title Floris Osmond and the Discovery of Steel Microstructures
Author(s) Ian Zuazo, David Quidort
On-Site Speaker (Planned) Ian Zuazo
Abstract Scope At the end of the 19th century, steel production was raising steadly but the origin of its remarkable properties was not clearly understood. Sorby, an English geologist, opened new possibilities by recording in 1863 the first photograph of the internal structure of steel. Floris Osmond, a French engineer, pursued in the 1880’s the work of Sorby in the laboratories of Le Creusot steelworks. He improved the techniques for the identification of the structure of the steel, e.g. austenite, martensite, etc. and developed theories on how the microstructure is formed. Osmond’s investigations were worldwide known and led to intense discussions among the scientific community. This talk will retrace his investigations and pioneering contributions on phase transformations in steels, as well as the controversy surrounding them during the very active period at the turn of the 20th century.


200 Years of Recrystallization Studies
A Brief History of Texture and Anisotropy
A Historical Overview of the Development of Grain Coarsening Theory
A Perspective on the Uses of Ceramics in Nuclear Reactors LA-UR-23-23416
At the Beginning: Materials Science and Engineering at Northwestern
Corrosion Science Over the Past Century
Experiments of a German Engineer Starting a Blast Furnace in Brazil, in 1818
Floris Osmond and the Discovery of Steel Microstructures
Historical Aspects of Polycrystal Plasticity
History of Extra Super Duralumin Development and Its Spirit Inherited by UACJ
History of Steel Research in Institute for Materials Research ("KINKEN") of Tohoku University
Hub Aaronson and His Impact on the Field of Solid State Phase Transformations
John W Cahn: Architect of a Discipline
Larry Kaufman, CALPHAD, Digitization of Thermodynamics, and Materials Design
Materials Science vs. Engineering – Paradoxes, Peculiarities, and Tensions in an Ever-Evolving Field
Microalloyed Forging Steels – Evolution from Laboratory to Industrial Application
Pierre Armand Jacquet and Electrolytic Polishing
Raman vs. Born, after Eddington vs. Chandrasekhar: Crystals and Stars
The Burgeoning of Materials Science and Engineering in France 1865 - 1914
The Development of Artificially-made Siliceous Ceramic Bodies (i.e. Stonepaste) in the Middle East between the 11th and 17th Centuries
The Effect of the Kirkendall Effect: The Metastable States and the Energy Barriers to Its Discovery and Acceptance
The History of Field Ion Microscopy and Atom Probe Tomography: The First Images of Atoms
The History of IRSID, the French Steel Research Institute
The History of Quantitative Fractography and Fractal Geometry in Ceramics
The Transition from Old Iron to New Steel in China

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