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Meeting MS&T23: Materials Science & Technology
Symposium History of Materials Science and Engineering
Presentation Title Larry Kaufman, CALPHAD, Digitization of Thermodynamics, and Materials Design
Author(s) Zi-Kui Liu, Shun-Li Shang
On-Site Speaker (Planned) Shun-Li Shang
Abstract Scope Design is a process to determine optimal combinations of ingredients and processing parameters for desired performances of a product. The ingredients for materials design are their chemical compositions, and processing parameters are temperature, pressure/stress, and electric/magnetic fields with the outcomes being the phases and their morphologies, i.e., microstructures, which dictate the performances of materials. In the history of human civilization, those optimal combinations were obtained through extended periods of trial-and-error experimentations such as the tin content in bronze and blacksmith procedures. Human knowledge has been accumulated through apprenticeships, books, journals, and the latest digitization as the core of the 4th industry revolution. The digitization of knowledge on phases and their properties in last century can be broadly categorized as bottom up from quantum mechanics and top down from CALPHAD modeling. In this presentation, author’s experiences and perspectives on these two approaches will be discussed (,


200 Years of Recrystallization Studies
A Brief History of Texture and Anisotropy
A Historical Overview of the Development of Grain Coarsening Theory
A Perspective on the Uses of Ceramics in Nuclear Reactors LA-UR-23-23416
At the Beginning: Materials Science and Engineering at Northwestern
Corrosion Science Over the Past Century
Experiments of a German Engineer Starting a Blast Furnace in Brazil, in 1818
Floris Osmond and the Discovery of Steel Microstructures
Historical Aspects of Polycrystal Plasticity
History of Extra Super Duralumin Development and Its Spirit Inherited by UACJ
History of Steel Research in Institute for Materials Research ("KINKEN") of Tohoku University
Hub Aaronson and His Impact on the Field of Solid State Phase Transformations
John W Cahn: Architect of a Discipline
Larry Kaufman, CALPHAD, Digitization of Thermodynamics, and Materials Design
Materials Science vs. Engineering – Paradoxes, Peculiarities, and Tensions in an Ever-Evolving Field
Microalloyed Forging Steels – Evolution from Laboratory to Industrial Application
Pierre Armand Jacquet and Electrolytic Polishing
Raman vs. Born, after Eddington vs. Chandrasekhar: Crystals and Stars
The Burgeoning of Materials Science and Engineering in France 1865 - 1914
The Development of Artificially-made Siliceous Ceramic Bodies (i.e. Stonepaste) in the Middle East between the 11th and 17th Centuries
The Effect of the Kirkendall Effect: The Metastable States and the Energy Barriers to Its Discovery and Acceptance
The History of Field Ion Microscopy and Atom Probe Tomography: The First Images of Atoms
The History of IRSID, the French Steel Research Institute
The History of Quantitative Fractography and Fractal Geometry in Ceramics
The Transition from Old Iron to New Steel in China

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