The search for funding is a lengthy and recurring activity in the life of an academic. While there are many aspects of the proposal and review cycle which must remain confidential to protect the integrity of process, there are several aspects which are not. Unfortunately, significant amounts of these items often remain unknown, misunderstood, or unclear to many. In this talk, we will seek to demystify the proposal and review process for the National Science Foundation with a specific focus on programs that fund materials research. Helpful tips, pitfalls to avoid and NSF resources available to assist you in navigating the process will be shared. Points of contact for relevant solicitations and strategies for engagement with the Foundation will be discussed. Lastly, details for several traditional as well as new and emerging funding opportunities will be provided.