|About this Abstract
|MS&T23: Materials Science & Technology
|Interface-mediated Phenomena in Structural Materials
|Molecular Dynamics Simulations of Austenite-Martensite Interfaces in NiTi Shape Memory Alloys
|Gabriel Plummer, Mikhail I. Mendelev, John W. Lawson
|On-Site Speaker (Planned)
The unique properties of shape memory alloys (SMAs) arise from a reversible martensitic transformation. The nucleation and migration of austenite-martensite interfaces are the key to understanding the SMA properties. Molecular dynamics (MD) simulations can provide important atomic-scale information about these aspects of the transformation, but their time scales prevent the interface formation under near-equilibrium conditions relevant to experiment. We present a new MD methodology which allows for the natural formation of energetically preferred austenite-martensite interfaces under near-equilibrium conditions. Our simulation demonstrates that the interfaces in NiTi are semi-coherent, composed of a series of terrace planes and structural disconnections, and they migrate rapidly through single crystals with only a small thermodynamic driving force. In bi-crystals and polycrystals, the migration of these same interfaces is significantly impeded by grain boundaries and stored elastic energy. This behavior can result in SMA hysteresis via several mechanisms associated with nucleation and non-elastic strain accommodation.