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Meeting 2024 TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition
Symposium Rare Metal Extraction & Processing
Presentation Title Concentrated-solar-thermal-driven Recycling of Li-ion Battery Waste through Carbothermic Reduction: Thermodynamic Assessment and Experimental Verification
Author(s) Bintang A. Nuraeni, Deddy C. Nababan, A. D. P. Putera, M. Akbar Rhamdhani
On-Site Speaker (Planned) Bintang A. Nuraeni
Abstract Scope Following the global trend towards electric transportation, automakers are transitioning from internal combustion engine to electric vehicles. To overcome the expected increase in spent batteries, recycling li-ion battery is vital in securing the raw materials. While the pyrometallurgical route offers an effective metallurgical separation, its drawback lies in the high energy consumption from the high temperature requirement. A high-temperature process by cleaner energy source like concentrated solar energy is an alternative to address this issue. Solar energy proves promising due to its renewable nature. In this study, the battery waste containing various cathode metals were extracted through carbothermic reduction using anode carbon by solar simulator furnace. A thermodynamic assessment was conducted using the FactSage™ thermochemical package in conjunction with selected experimental data within the temperature range of 400-800 ēC. The development of a concentrated-solar-thermal-driven recycling route is a necessary step towards a sustainable process for recycling spent lithium-ion batteries.
Proceedings Inclusion? Planned:
Keywords Recycling and Secondary Recovery, Pyrometallurgy, Other


Bacteriophage-based Sorption of Rare Earth Elements from Dilute Aqueous Solutions
Beneficiation of Low-grade Lithium Ores from Eastern Kazakhstan by Dense Media Separation (DMS) and Froth Flotation
Concentrated-solar-thermal-driven Recycling of Li-ion Battery Waste through Carbothermic Reduction: Thermodynamic Assessment and Experimental Verification
Direct Recycling of Lithium-ion Batteries Using Hydrothermal Relithiation
Effect of Ce Substitution with La and Nd on Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of Al11RE3
Effect of MgO, MnO and Al2O3 on Vanadium Extraction in Sodium Roasting-water Leaching Process of Vanadium Slag
Electrochemical Recovery of Sb, Te, and In in Choline Chloride-Ethylene Glycol DES Electrolyte
EPD Distinguished Award Lecture: Advanced Hydrometallurgical Process Innovations: Clean Environmental Applications and Sustainable Electrochemical Energy Materials and Technologies
Extraction of Platinum Group Metals from Metallurgical Plant Effluent Using Bioadsorbents
Extraction Vanadium from High Calcium and High Phosphorus Vanadium Slag by Magnesiation Roasting-acid Leaching
Gas Evolution during Nd and DyFe Electrowinning
High-performance Solid Phase Extraction Chromatography as Part of a Process for Recycling NdFeB Magnet Waste
Innovative Solvent Extraction Processes for the Separation of Indium, Germanium and Gallium from Iron
Investigating the Selectivity of Xanthates for the Flotation Separation of Base Metal and PGM Ores
Investigation of the Solvometallurgical Leaching Performance of Light Rare Earth Elements in Beylikova, Eskisehir Ores
Leaching of Critical Metals from Spent Lithium-ion Battery Using Acidic Organophosphorus Extractant
Manipulating Iron Precipitation and Gold Deportment during Pressure Oxidation
Mechanochemical Extraction of Lithium from α-Spodumene at Low Temperatures
Molecular Mechanisms in Specific Separation of Late Transition Metals from Rare Earth Elements
Parameter Study for the Production of DyFe by Molten Salt Electrolysis
Purification of an Indigenous Molybdenite for Enhanced Steel Production
Rare Earth Magnet Recycling via Liquid Metal Leaching and Distillation
Recovery of Antimony from Refining Slag of the Unified Mining Company (EMUSA)
Recovery of High Purity Vanadium Salts from Bayer Liquor
Recovery of Rare Earth Sulfate Hydrates Using Antisolvent Crystallization
Selective Precipitation of Valuable Metals from Steel Slag Leach Liquor: Experimental and Theoretical Approaches
Separation of Critical Metals Using Supported Liquid Membranes PTFE-Cyanex 272
Solvent Extraction of Fe3+ with 2-Octanol from Wastewater after Gallium Recovery
Studies of Layer Growth during the Disintegration of Cemented Carbides with Vaporous Zinc
Synthetic Alkali Aluminosilicate-hydroxide Systems as an Analog To Optimize Lithium Recovery from LCT Pegmatites
Theoretical Study on the Separation of Impurity Tellurium from Crude Selenium by Vacuum Distillation
YCl3ˇ6H2O Green Electro-metallurgical Preparation of Y2O3

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