|About this Abstract
||Materials Science & Technology 2020
||Synthesis, Characterization, Modeling and Applications of Functional Porous Materials
||The Influence of Yttria Content and Synthetic Parameters on the Thermal Stability of Yttria-stabilized Zirconia Aerogels
||Nathaniel S. Olson, Frances I. Hurwitz, Haiquan Guo, Richard B. Rogers, Jessica A. Krogstad
|On-Site Speaker (Planned)
||Nathaniel S. Olson
Aerogels demonstrate extraordinarily low thermal conductivity and low density, presenting a promising form of lightweight insulation for aerospace applications. The primary challenge is stabilization of the highly porous structure at temperatures to 1200 °C. Upon collapse of the pore structure, the favorable thermal properties and low density are diminished. Yttria-stabilized zirconia (YSZ) aerogels are synthesized to investigate the effect of composition on morphology, phase behavior, and thermal stability (specific surface area, pore size distribution). This work demonstrates the improvement in thermal stability of zirconia aerogels with increased yttria content. To develop insight on the influence of structure on thermal stability, the effects of water content and solids loading are studied and aid in elucidation of the mechanism by which yttria stabilizes the pore structure. With an improved understanding of aerogel structure and performance, metal oxide aerogels can be developed to withstand the extreme environments of space exploration.