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Meeting 2024 TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition
Symposium Advances in Pyrometallurgy: Furnace Containment
Sponsorship TMS Extraction and Processing Division
TMS: Pyrometallurgy Committee
TMS: Process Technology and Modeling Committee
TMS: Materials Characterization Committee
TMS: Industrial Advisory Committee
Organizer(s) Gerardo Raul Alvear Flores, CaEng Associates
Camille Fleuriault, Eramet Norway
Dean Gregurek, RHI Magnesita
Quinn G. Reynolds, Mintek
Hugo Joubert, Tenova Pyromet
Stuart L. Nicol, Glencore Technology
Phillip J. Mackey, P.J. Mackey Technology, Inc.
Jesse Franklin White, Kanthal AB
Isabelle Nolet, Hatch
Scope The purpose of the furnace containment system is to hold both process materials and energy associated with pyrometallurgical processes. The methods in which the challenges of containing corrosive and abrasive materials at extreme temperatures will be addressed, whether they are used across commodities or technology specific. There is much to be learned from cross-commodity and cross-technology perspectives. The intention of this symposium is to create a platform for the exchange of ideas on the challenges, solutions, failures, and successes in furnace containment designs and applications. Bringing together perspectives from industry, design houses, and research institutions will be ideal. For the symposium, the furnaces associated with solid-state processes are included although the focus will be smelters.


1. Advances in furnace lining design philosophies

2. Advances in furnace design configurations and other design considerations

3. Problems experienced and their solutions implemented during construction and commissioning

4. Integration of new concepts into old smelters

5. Back to basics: refractory materials, shells, and cooling systems

6. Maintaining and monitoring

7. Process control and slag design

8. Lessons learned

Abstracts Due 07/15/2023
Proceedings Plan Planned:

A Modified Rotating Finger Test Aiming to Quantify Refractory Wear Based on Fundamental Equations Governing Refractory Dissolution and Erosion
Characterization of a Nickel Flash Smelter Refractory Material – The Effect of Thermal Gradient
Composite Copper-graphite Cooler for PGM Furnace Sidewall
Considerations for Robust Containment of Operating Furnaces
Corrosion Behavior of MgO-C Refractory in the Electric Arc Furnace that Entirely Uses Direct Reduced Iron as Raw Materials
Corrosion of Alkali Metals on SiC-Si3N4 Refractory of Pusher Kiln
Designing Smelting Furnaces to Meet Process Requirements
Development of Prediction Criteria for Gas Channeling in Blast Furnace
Electric Furnace Integrity Practices and Design Improvements Over 45 Years of Operation - Sudbury Integrated Nickel Operations, A Glencore Company
Flexospheres Technology - Improved Flexibility and Corrosion Resistance of Fired Magnesia-chromite Bricks
Freeport-McMoRan Miami - Waste Heat Boiler Availability Improvements
Important Microstructural Features of Refractory Bricks and Their Relation With the Degradation Mechanisms
Improving Maintenance Safety and Campaign Life of Tuyere Lines in Bath Smelting and Converting Using Punchless Tuyeres
Long Long-term Safety Work of 3 # Blast Furnace Hearth
Reflections on the Design of Cooling Systems for Furnace Containment
Slag Optimization with Respect to Steel Quality and Refractory Protection in a Steel Ladle Furnace
Study on Slag Phase Erosion Behavior and Mechanism of Carbon Composite Brick in Hydrogen-rich Blast Furnace Hearth
Sustainability in the Production of Refractory Products - Ensuring an Optimal Circular Economy
The Importance of Understanding Mechanisms in Open-bath (DC) Processes Related to Furnace Containment
The Optimisation of ISASMELT™ Furnace Linings and Cooling Elements to Achieve Low Annualised Costs

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