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Meeting 2024 TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition
Symposium Advances in Pyrometallurgy: Furnace Containment
Presentation Title The Optimisation of ISASMELT™ Furnace Linings and Cooling Elements to Achieve Low Annualised Costs
Author(s) Stuart L. Nicol, Ben Hogg
On-Site Speaker (Planned) Stuart L. Nicol
Abstract Scope Traditionally, furnace linings have been optimised to achieve the longest campaign, or time between lining replacement. These linings have used mechanical engineering solutions, such as water-cooled elements, to contain the aggressive molten materials inside the furnace. In recent years it has become apparent that these mechanical engineering solutions results in high cost relining. ISASMELT™ technology has been optimised using metallurgical engineering solutions, a vastly different philosophy. The ISASMELT™ furnace lining system has been optimised through the use of simple and low cost lining materials, but using metallurgical controls to manage the lining system. These metallurgical controls enable freeze linings to form on the refractory lining of a furnace, without the need of cooling systems. This approach has resulted in low cost relining and long furnace campaigns. This paper will review the ISASMELT™ approach to furnace lining, element and binding optimisation and the results in real world operations.
Proceedings Inclusion? Planned:
Keywords Pyrometallurgy, Copper / Nickel / Cobalt, Recycling and Secondary Recovery


A Modified Rotating Finger Test Aiming to Quantify Refractory Wear Based on Fundamental Equations Governing Refractory Dissolution and Erosion
Characterization of a Nickel Flash Smelter Refractory Material – The Effect of Thermal Gradient
Composite Copper-graphite Cooler for PGM Furnace Sidewall
Considerations for Robust Containment of Operating Furnaces
Corrosion Behavior of MgO-C Refractory in the Electric Arc Furnace that Entirely Uses Direct Reduced Iron as Raw Materials
Corrosion of Alkali Metals on SiC-Si3N4 Refractory of Pusher Kiln
Designing Smelting Furnaces to Meet Process Requirements
Development of Prediction Criteria for Gas Channeling in Blast Furnace
Electric Furnace Integrity Practices and Design Improvements Over 45 Years of Operation - Sudbury Integrated Nickel Operations, A Glencore Company
Flexospheres Technology - Improved Flexibility and Corrosion Resistance of Fired Magnesia-chromite Bricks
Freeport-McMoRan Miami - Waste Heat Boiler Availability Improvements
Important Microstructural Features of Refractory Bricks and Their Relation With the Degradation Mechanisms
Improving Maintenance Safety and Campaign Life of Tuyere Lines in Bath Smelting and Converting Using Punchless Tuyeres
Long Long-term Safety Work of 3 # Blast Furnace Hearth
Reflections on the Design of Cooling Systems for Furnace Containment
Slag Optimization with Respect to Steel Quality and Refractory Protection in a Steel Ladle Furnace
Study on Slag Phase Erosion Behavior and Mechanism of Carbon Composite Brick in Hydrogen-rich Blast Furnace Hearth
Sustainability in the Production of Refractory Products - Ensuring an Optimal Circular Economy
The Importance of Understanding Mechanisms in Open-bath (DC) Processes Related to Furnace Containment
The Optimisation of ISASMELT™ Furnace Linings and Cooling Elements to Achieve Low Annualised Costs

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