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Meeting 2023 TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition
Symposium Aluminum Reduction Technology
Presentation Title CFD Modelling of Solidification and Melting of Bath during Raft Formation
Author(s) Sindre Engzelius Gylver, Kristian Etienne Einarsrud
On-Site Speaker (Planned) Sindre Engzelius Gylver
Abstract Scope The dissolution of alumina in cryolite is a complex process, and better understanding is needed to ensure stable cell conditions and high energy efficiency. Additions of cold powder result in freezing of bath that hinders dissolution, and creation of rafts. The current work aims to develop and demonstrate a CFD framework in OpenFOAM for freezing of bath on a fed dose of alumina, based on the volume of fluid (VOF) method, where appropriate source- and sink terms are applied. Essential features have been verified by comparison with a Stefan problem, while simulating the dose as a floating rigid object demonstrate that a larger layer of freeze increase the damping of its movement. When simulating the dose as an immiscible fluid, spreading will hinder enough freeze to be formed around the dose. Hence, the added source terms behave as intended, but improvements on the alumina-bath interactions are needed.
Proceedings Inclusion? Planned: Light Metals


Achieving Low Pot Failure Rate at Aditya Aluminium
Application of Cell Retrofit in GP320 Aluminum Reduction Cell Line
CFD Modelling of Solidification and Melting of Bath during Raft Formation
Dissimilar Results in Restarting Two Different Potlines
Evaluation of Methodologies for Assessment of SO3 Concentration in Industrial Off-gas
Experimental Investigation of the Alumina Cloud During Alumina Injections in Low And High Temperature Conditions
Fundamental Mass Transfer Correlations Based on Experimental and Literature Data
Fundamentals of Pot Ventilation in Aluminum Smelters
Mathematical Modelling of the Desulfurization of Electrolysis Cell Gases in a Low Temperature Reactor
Numerical Investigation of the Thermal, Electrical and Mechanical Behaviour of Aluminum Reduction Cell during Preheating Phase
Potential of Production Al-Si Green Alloys in AP18 Aluminium Reduction Cell
Preheat, Start-up and Early Operation of DX+ Ultra Pots at 500 kA
Recent Improvements to a Mathematical Model Replicating the Wave and Stream at the Bath-metal Interface
Restart of Albras’ Potline 2 – Improving Performance and Changing Paradigms
Simplified 3D MHD Model for Quick Evaluation of Aluminium Electrolysis Cell Design
The Expanded Industrial Pilot of SAMI’s NCCT+ Technology
The SY500 Potline Technology Development

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