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Meeting 2021 TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition
Symposium Ceramic Materials for Nuclear Energy Research and Applications
Presentation Title Hydrothermal Corrosion of Silicon Carbide
Author(s) Jianqi Xi, Dane Morgan, Izabela Szlufarska
On-Site Speaker (Planned) Jianqi Xi
Abstract Scope Due to its excellent physico-chemical properties, silicon carbide (SiC) has been recognized for its potential as a structural material in nuclear reactor applications. One of the remaining issues that can limit usability of this material is corrosion. In this talk, I will discuss our recent theoretical studies revealing corrosion mechanisms of SiC exposed to the hydrothermal water environment. I will first discuss, from the thermodynamic point of view, the open question of which corrosion products form, i.e., the formation of SiO2 vs Si(OH)4. Secondly, I will discuss the elementary interfacial reactions driving corrosion, including a discovery of the unexpected hydrogen scission reaction that plays a key role in surface degradation. Our kinetic studies reveal that SiC is dissolved directly into the water without forming the silica layer, although the reactions are analogous to those observed during dissolution of silica. Finally, I will discuss the surface orientation effect on SiC corrosion.
Proceedings Inclusion? Planned:


A Model of Grain Boundary Energy Anisotropy in Uranium Dioxide Nuclear Fuel
A Thermo-mechanical Coupled Phase Field Dynamic Fracture Model and Its Application in UO2
Comprehensive Treatment of Thermal Transport Under Irradiation in ThO2
Development of Hydrothermal Corrosion Barrier Coatings for High-density Nuclear Fuels
Development of Yttrium Hydride for High Temperature Moderator Application
Effect of UV and Gamma Irradiation on the Hydrothermal Corrosion of Ion-irradiated SiC
Electron Microscopy Characterization of the Fuel-cladding Interaction in Annular Fast Reactor MOX
Evolution of Ion Irradiated Nitride Ceramics Properties for Coated Particle Fuel Systems
Exotic Magneto-elastic Properties in Uranium Dioxide
Hydrothermal Corrosion of Silicon Carbide
Hydrothermal Corrosion Study of Additive Manufactured SiC Fibers
Impact of Dislocation Loops on Thermal Conductivity of CeO2
In-situ Measurement of Tritium Release from Lithium Aluminate Under Neutron Irradiation
Influence of Dose Rate and Temperature on Mass Transport in Hematite
Ionization Effects on Damage Accumulation Behavior in SiC
Irradiation Damage in High-entropy Carbide Ceramics
Irradiation Effects on Zirconium Alloy Oxides and Their Impacts on In-reactor Corrosion Rates
Microstructural Analysis and Micro-mechanical Testing on Xenon-irradiated Uranium Dioxide
Microstructural and Fission Products Analysis from Irradiated UO2 Fuel Using Atom Probe Tomography
Microstructural Characterization of Radiation Effects in 3D printed SiC
Microstructure and Chemical States of Fission Products in Irradiated AGR-1 and AGR-2 TRISO Particle UCO Fuel Kernels
Modeling of Pressure-driven Inter-granular Fracture in High Burnup Structure UO2 during LOCA Using A Phase-field Approach
Molecular Dynamics Investigations of AlN-based Piezoelectric Ceramics under Irradiation
Multiscale Modeling of High Burn-up Structure (HBS) Formation and Evolution in UO2
On the Role of Neutron Irradiation Damages on Fission Products Transport in the SiC Layer of TRISO Fuel Particles
Oxidation Behavior of TRISO Fuel Materials
Phase-field Modeling of Bubble Growth During High Burn-up Structure Formation in UO2
Radiation Tolerance of Nanoporous Gadolinium Titanate
Radiolytic Damage and Hydrogen Generation at Carbide – Water Interfaces
TEM Characterization of Dislocation Loops in Ion-irradiated Single Crystal ThO2
TMIST-3A Post-irradiation Examination
Towards a Model of Coupled Irradiation and Corrosion

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