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Meeting 2021 TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition
Symposium Design and Manufacturing Approaches for the Next Generation of Sustainable Materials: The 2021 Student-led Symposium (Invited Abstracts Only)
Presentation Title Reducing CO2 Emissions Through Improvements in the Materials Science of Fossil Fuels
Author(s) Jonah Erlebacher, Shashank Vummidi Lakshman, Gina Greenidge
On-Site Speaker (Planned) Jonah Erlebacher
Abstract Scope Of the mix of fossil fuels we use, natural gas has been growing rapidly, significantly displacing coal. However, the current use-model for natural gas is simply to burn it for heat, creating large CO2 emissions. We have been exploring a different scientific and economic concept for the use of natural gas. The proposition is that natural gas – primarily methane – can be chemically decomposed into solid carbon and hydrogen with no carbon dioxide produced at all. The hydrogen can be burned as fuel instead of natural gas, producing only water and heat, and the carbon sold for other uses. Solid carbon is quite valuable, and with the right processing can be turned into lightweight structural composites. This approach is much more profitable than just burning natural gas, all without CO2 emissions. Here, we will discuss here some novel strategies we are using to make this vision a reality.
Proceedings Inclusion? Planned:


Additive Manufacturing of High Temperature Materials: New Alloys and Sustainability Considerations
Challenges in optimizing structural metamaterials
Creating new green jobs starts at the product design stage
Genomic Computational Design: Materials for Sustainability
III-V photovoltaic substrate reuse and recycle strategies for reduced cost and improved materials utilization
Lithium-Ion Battery Recycling Research at the ReCell Center
Materials Innovations Towards Decarbonization of Industrial Processes
Microstructural Development and Powder Feedstock Recyclability in Additive Manufacturing by Laser Powder Bed Fusion
Reducing CO2 Emissions Through Improvements in the Materials Science of Fossil Fuels
Research requirements for sustainable materials
Research with a Sustainable Materials Science and Engineering Approach
Shaping a Sustainable World Together – Delivering Novelis’ Commitment to Sustainability
Stepwise approach to improving lead furnace operation through pilot scale studies and computational modeling
Using rapid alloy prototyping to investigate the effects of increased levels of residual elements from recycled scrap on DP800 steel

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