|About this Abstract
||2021 TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition
||Design and Manufacturing Approaches for the Next Generation of Sustainable Materials: The 2021 Student-led Symposium (Invited Abstracts Only)
||Lithium-Ion Battery Recycling Research at the ReCell Center
||Linda Gaines, Bryant Polzin, Jeffrey Spangenberger
|On-Site Speaker (Planned)
The U.S. Department of Energy announced its Advanced Battery Recycling R&D Center in January 2019 to develop an economical recycling process by the time large volumes of batteries from electric vehicles and other uses reach end of life. The ReCell Center is based at lead-lab Argonne, and includes partner labs Oak Ridge and NREL, and several universities.
Even batteries that find second use will eventually need to be recycled. However, by then the material could be a 20 year-old formulation with little residual value from its structure or contained elements. In particular, cathodes are evolving towards formulations containing less cobalt, reducing the incentive for recycling with standard pyrometallurgical or hydrometallurgical methods. Many R&D questions focus on recovering usable cathode, as well as recovery of other materials. This presentation describes progress to address these questions during the ReCell Center’s first 2 years of operation.