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Meeting 2020 TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition
Symposium Electrode Technology for Aluminum Production
Presentation Title Trends in Carbon Anode Production
Author(s) Derek Santangelo
On-Site Speaker (Planned) Derek Santangelo
Abstract Scope In response to market conditions, there has been a reduction in concurrent major projects. As a result, this has led to a perceived slowdown in innovation within the anode sector. To explain why, we will review trends and demonstrate how they have contributed to this change. Innovation and technological developments were means to both improve the industry and ensure that key players maintained a competitive advantage in an aggressive market. Without an abundance of projects to fuel innovation, a shift was bound to occur. With a focus on capital reductions, industry players have shifted their efforts, and this has led to change in project execution, rather than technology. Finally, a review of technical step changes shows that they are not favored in comparison with incremental improvements. This, when compounded with a conservative sector, demonstrates that when presented with innovation, the appetite for risk remains low.
Proceedings Inclusion? Planned: Light Metals


10 Years of Anode Research and Development: Alcoa & Université Laval Experience
Additive Selection for Coal Tar Pitch Modification in Aluminum Industry
An EXAFS and XANES Study of V, Ni, and Fe Speciation in Cokes for Anodes Used in Aluminum Production
Anhydrous Carbon Pellets – An Engineered CPC Raw Material
Carbon Anode Raw Materials – Where is the Cutting Edge?
Charcoal and Use of Green Binder for Use in Carbon Anodes in the Aluminium Industry
Development of a Soft Sensor for Detecting Overpitched Green Anodes
Diffusion Measurements of CO2 within Carbon Anodes for Aluminium Smelting
Energy Saving in Hall-Héroult Cell by Optimization of Anode Assembly Design
Environmental Benefits of Using Spent Pot Lining (SPL) in Cement Production
Higher Baking and Production Levels in Anode Baking Furnaces and Associated Challenges
How to Improve the Environmental Efficiency of the Hall-Heroult Process While Producing and Using Carbon Anodes?
Influence of Particle Shape and Porosity on the Bulk Density of Anode Grade Petroleum Coke
Major Reconstruction of Central Casing of Open Top Baking Furnace with a View to Increase Its Lifespan and Reduce the Total Costs Comparing to Full Reconstruction
Modelling of Gas Injection on Anode Baking Furnace and Application to Operations
Purification of Graphite by Thermal Vacuum Treatment of Spent Potlining
Ready-to-Use Cathodes for the Hall-Héroult Process
Redesigning of Current Carrying Conductor - The Energy Reduction Initiative in Low Amperage Hall-Héroult Cell
Solids Flow Considerations and their Impact in Smelter Carbon Plant Operations and Product Quality
Sustainable Spent Pot Lining Management Guidance
Testing of SERMA Technology on Industrial Anodes for Quality Control in Aluminum Production
The Development of Anode Shape, Size and Assembly Designs - Past Present and Future Needs
The LCL&L Process: A Sustainable Solution for the Treatment and Recycling of Spent Potlining
Trends in Carbon Anode Production

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