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Meeting 2020 TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition
Symposium Low-cost Titanium: 'Affordable Ti'
Presentation Title Low-cost Titanium Extraction Process: Molten Salt Electrolysis with Titanium Oxycarbide (TiCxO1-x) as Soluble Anode
Author(s) Jiusan Xiao, Hongmin Zhu, Shuqiang Jiao, Jun Zhu
On-Site Speaker (Planned) Jiusan Xiao
Abstract Scope The wider application of titanium is restricted by its expensive price due to high-cost production of Kroll process. The process of molten salt electrolysis with soluble anode is proposed by Zhu and Jiao in 2005, whereas titanium oxycarbide (TiCxO1-x) as soluble anode dissolves into titanium ion in electrolyte of molten chlorides, and metallic titanium with purity of 99.5% and impurity of oxygen lower than 300 ppm deposits in cathode. Moreover, TiCxO1-x can be synthesized through selective carbothermic reduction of ilmenite followed with magnetic separation and acid leaching for concentration. The overall process for titanium production will lead to the cost reduction by half referring to Kroll process.
Proceedings Inclusion? Planned: Supplemental Proceedings volume


A Systematic Experimental Investigation of the Planar-to-wavy Slip Transition in Model Ti-O Alloys
Aeration Leaching Process for Producing Synthetic Rutile in a Novel Gas-liquid-solid Reactor
Calciothermic Synthesis of Fine, Hydrogenated Ti- and Ti-Nb-powder
Cost-effective PM Ti Compositions and Processing
Electrodeposition of Titanium Aluminide (TiAl) Alloy from AlCl3-BMIC Ionic Liquid at Low Temperature
Electroplastic Effects in a Dilute Ti-Al Alloy
Fast Step 3- Titanium Swarf to Engine Parts in 3 Steps
High Strength and Ductility Titanium Materials with Cheap Alloying Elements Fabricated by Powder Metallurgy
Low-cost Titanium Extraction Process: Molten Salt Electrolysis with Titanium Oxycarbide (TiCxO1-x) as Soluble Anode
M-63: Effect of Sintering Temperature on Mechanical and Tribological Behavior of Ti-Ni Alloy for Biomedical Applications
Machine Learning Assisted Discovery of Affordable Biomedical Ti Alloy
Making Affordable Titanium Alloy with Wrought-like Mechanical Properties from Sintering Low-Cost Titanium Powder
Production of Fine Titanium and Titanium Alloy Powders by the Shuttle of Disproportion Reaction in Molten Salt

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