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Meeting 2021 TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition
Symposium Rare Metal Extraction & Processing
Presentation Title Industrial-scale indium recovery from various e-waste resources through simulation and integration of developed processes
Author(s) Basudev Swain, Jae Ryang Park, Kyung Soo Park, Chan-Gi Lee, Hyun Seon Hong, Jae-chun Lee
On-Site Speaker (Planned) Jae-chun Lee
Abstract Scope Waste LCD, LED, and LCD industry etching wastewater are important resources for indium, which is a critical metal. In this research, the industrial-scale indium recovery from e-waste resources like waste LCD, LED, and LCD industry etching wastewater, is being emphasized through simulation and integration of the developed processes. A demonstration plant for indium recovery on one ton/day of ITO etching wastewater has been developed with almost complete (99%) recovery of indium. For the recovery of indium, integration of the processes can be managed by following two approaches unique to this system, (i) utilization of ITO etching industry wastewaters for the leaching of waste LCD, (ii) integration of leaching processes developed for waste LCD and LED with that of the treatment process for ITO wastewaters. Through the proposed approach, the semiconductor manufacturing industry and ITO industry can address various pressing issues like; (i) waste disposal, (ii) indium recovery, (iii) circular economy.
Proceedings Inclusion? Planned:
Keywords Extraction and Processing, Recycling and Secondary Recovery, Hydrometallurgy


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An open-source tool for life cycle assessment of rare earth elements
Application of Eutectic Freeze Crystallization in Recycling of Li-ion Batteries
Circular economy for rare earths – what are the different strategies, challenges, and opportunities?
Comparative studies for the adsorption of gold using Amberlite IRA 400Cl, Ionenaustauscher-II and Amberlite IRA 900 Cl
Critical metal cycling. Lessons from Nature
Developed commercial processes to recover Au, Ag, Pt and Pd from e-waste.
Developing Feasible Process for the Total Recycling of WEEE to Recover Rare Metals
Effect of diluent and temperature for the production of Ta powder via the Hunter Process
Effect of Synthesis Method on the Electrochemical Performance of LiNixMnCo1-x-yO2 (NMC) Cathode for Li-ion Batteries – A Review
Effects of Al2O3 and ZrO2 additions on electrical contact properties in Cu-Mo-Cr alloy
Environmental Aspects of the Electrochemical Recovery of Tellurium by Electrochemical Deposition-Redox Replacement
Environmentally friendly solid phase extraction of critical materials and REE from unconventional sources
Experimental Determination of Liquidus Temperature and Phase Eequilibria of the CaO-Al2O3-SiO2-Na2O Slag System Relevant to E-waste Smelting
Extraction Chromatography for Separation of Rare Earth Elements
Extraction of platinum group metals from spent catalyst material by a novel pyro-metallurgical process
Extraction of rare earth metals: The new thermodynamic considerations towards process hydrometallurgy
Extraction of Scandium from Bauxite Residue in silica gel-free systems
Extraction of Zn, Ga, Ge and In from Zinc Plant Residues
Fabrication and characterization of rare metals nanopowders for hard alloy manufacturing
How to Prepare Future Generations for the Challenges in the Raw Materials Sector?
Industrial-scale indium recovery from various e-waste resources through simulation and integration of developed processes
Innovative Reactors for Recovery of Rare Earth Elements (REE)
Lithium adsorption mechanism for H2TiO3
Method development for rare earths selective extraction, separation and recovery from synthetic mixed rare earths leach liquors
Physicochemistry in service of process design: Case of uranium recovery by liquid-liquid extraction
Preparation of High-grade Ammonium Metatungstate (AMT) as Precursor for Industrial Tungsten Catalyst
Preparation of Industrial Sodium Chromate compound from an Indigenous Chromite ore by Oxidative Decomposition
Production of rare earth -based compounds for hydrogen storage application from waste generated during the hydrometallurgical processing of nickel metal hydride (NiMH) batteries
Rare Earth Elements Extraction from Coal Waste Using Biooxidation Approach
Reclamation of graphite from waste lithium ion batteries (LIBs)
Recovering Lithium using Graphene Oxide Membranes
Recovery of cobalt as a cobalt sulfate from discarded lithium ion batteries (LIBs) of mobile phone
Recovery of lithium (Li) salts from industrial effluent of recycling plant
Recovery of Rare Earth Elements from Recycled Hard Disk Drive Mixed Steel and Magnet Scrap
Recovery of valuable metals from end-of-life lithium-ion battery using electrodialysis
Recycling of discarded tubular lamps through different processing routes for recovery of rare earth values
Recycling of End-of-Life Permanent Magnets for REE Recovery
Recycling of rare earths from neodymium magnets using focused infrared and solid phase extraction
Rethinking mineral processing and extractive metallurgy approaches to ensure a sustainable supply of high-tech and critical raw materials
Review of Geophysical Prospecting Methods for Gold Deposit
Scandium – leaching and extraction chemistry
Scandium Extraction from Bauxite Residue Using Sulfuric Acid and a Composite Extractant-enhanced Ion-exchange Polymer Resin
Scenarios of Future Lithium Use, 2021-2040
Selective separation of Co and Ni from REE in recycling
Sodium metal from sulfate
Solvo-chemical Recovery of Cerium from Sulfate Solution using Cyanex 923 and Oxalate Precipitation
Study of the recovery of rare earth elements from ion adsorption clays through perolation leaching processes
Study on recovery of molybdenum from low concentration molybdenum-containing solution with addition of Fe(III)
Study on recovery of sodium sulfide from solid waste in extraction of vanadium
Study on the enhancement of iron removal in the becher aeration by a novel tubular reactor
Study on the Production of Lithium by Aluminothermic Reduction Method
Supercritical Extraction of Neodymium from NdFeB Magnet using Organophosphorus Ligands
The importance of spodumene decrepitation on the lithium sulfate extraction
The Italian National Research Council Operations within the EIT RawMaterials Framework
The Role of Pyrometallurgy for Extraction of Rare Metals from Primary and Secondary Resources – Experiences of Swerim Pilot Plant Activities
Ti electrolytic refining in LiF-NaF molten salt from Cu-Ti impurial anode
Tool and Workflow for Systematic Design of Reactive Extraction for Separation and Purification of Valuable Components
Transformation and Distribution of Vanadium Phases in Stone Coal and Combustion Fly Ash
Understanding the feasibility for secondary and byproduct sources to supply rare earth metals
Uranium and Thorium Removal from Rare Earth Sulfate Solutions by Ion Exchange and Solvent Extraction
Weathering of Historic Lithium Mine Tailings and Potential Recovery of Economically Valuable Minerals from The Former Québec Lithium Mine Site (Québec, Canada)

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