REWAS 2022: Plenary: LIVESTREAMED SESSION: REWAS 2022: Plenary Session: Developing Tomorrow’s Technical Cycles
Program Organizers: Camille Fleuriault, Eramet Norway; Mertol Gokelma, Izmir Institute of Technology; Elsa Olivetti, Massachusetts Institute of Technology; Christina Meskers, SINTEF; Kaka Ma, Colorado State University

Monday 2:00 PM
February 28, 2022
Room: 204B
Location: Anaheim Convention Center

Session Chair: Elsa Olivetti, Massachusetts Institute of Technology; Camille Fleuriault, Eramet Norway

2:00 PM Introductory Comments

2:05 PM  Invited
Life Cycle of Materials – A Personal Journey: Diran Apelian1; 1University of California, Irvine
    This is a personal story that I would like to share at this symposium that is being held in my honor. For decades our focus has been on the discovery of new materials and seeking ways to improve properties and performance; and yet in comparison to the collective efforts of the MSE community, little effort is placed in the recovery and reuse of materials. During 2003, the “journey” for me started when I was preparing to deliver the Distinguished Lecture on Materials and Society (TMS-ASM). The grandest challenge of the 21st century is to sustain the development we are experiencing across the globe. Materials and their use have grown rapidly in the last three decades, and we are now using most of the elements of the periodic table, and some of these elements are near critical, if not critical, in terms of supply. This presentation will focus on the role of education, innovation and most importantly policy.

2:30 PM  Invited
The Intersection Sustainable Manufacturing and Industrial Decarbonization: Joe Cresko1; Chukwunwike Iloeje2; 1Advanced Manufacturing Office, U.S. Department of Energy; 2Energy Systems Division, Argonne National Laboratory
    In recent years, there has been increasing recognition of the importance of industrial decarbonization, but decarbonizing the industrial sector will challenging. The U.S. industrial sector is considered a “difficult-to-decarbonize” sector of the energy economy, due in part to the diversity of energy inputs into a wide array of heterogeneous industrial processes and operations. The industrial sector accounts for 32% of the nation’s primary energy use and 28% of energy-related carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions, with refining, chemicals, iron and steel, cement, and food products representing the top energy-consuming sectors. Anticipated product demand growth of 30% by 2050 with an associated increase in GHG emissions of 15% will require more than marginal improvements in carbon intensity. Achieving a low-carbon industrial sector in the United States will face a number of structural and technical challenges. The sheer magnitude of materials transformations – from extraction to intermediate and final products – will require a wide range of technology solutions that will have a ripple effect across a variety of industries and their increasingly complex supply chains. Despite these challenges to industrial decarbonization, innovative technologies and more sustainable manufacturing approaches can reduce absolute emissions while allowing for growth and increasing productivity. In this paper we will highlight pathways for energy efficiency; industrial electrification; low carbon fuels, feedstocks and energy sources; and carbon capture and utilization to lead to a more sustainable, low-carbon industrial sector.

2:55 PM  Invited
EU and NA Perspectives on the Potential of Carbon Utilization: Business, Technology and Policy Landscape: Frederic Clerc1; Anastasios Perimenis2; 1Urban Future Lab; 2CO2 Value Europe
     CO2 Value Europe (The European think-and-do-tank dedicated to Carbon Capture and Utilisation) and the Carbon to Value Initiative (a 3-year multi-stakeholder program supporting carbontech innovation through accelerating partnerships between corporates and startups) will share global perspectives on the potential for CCUS technologies to reduce GHG emissions while creating new business opportunities.This session will cover the scientific basis of CCUS as a climate solution, including some clarifications around terminology. The European context for CCU will be discussed, with a focus on projects, funding opportunities and policies. Other drivers for CCUS adoption will also be discussed, in particular from a market and business perspective, as well as the main barriers to CCUS business models. Finally, examples of innovative CCUS startups that could fit with large Minerals, Metals and Materials companies will be provided, alongside with key success factors to partner with startups.

3:35 PM  Invited
Actions of the Copper Industry towards Future Carbon Neutral Society: Takashi Nakamura1; 1Tohoku University
    Copper industry makes a strong effort to achieve sustainable developments. Supply of copper as a raw material in electrical/electronic society is essential. On the other hand, copper resources are limited and its production requires a large amount of energy, especially in the field of ore processing. Then, major end product manufacturers demand a carbon footprint of copper material, especially recycled copper. It is doubtful that the LCA evaluation has been done at only the time of manufacturing recycled copper alloys. All metal materials cannot be recycled without primary metal. If the amount of copper alloy to be used can be covered by recycled copper, the LCA evaluation of the recycling process will be sufficient. However, it is unrealistic situation considering the recent growth in copper consumption. Therefore, I would like to propose an integrated LCA evaluation that includes copper ore extraction, smelting, and recycling processes in this presentation.

4:00 PM Break