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Meeting 2024 TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition
Symposium Defects and Properties of Cast Metals
Sponsorship TMS Materials Processing and Manufacturing Division
TMS: Solidification Committee
Organizer(s) Lang Yuan, University of South Carolina
Andrew Kao, University of Greenwich
Brian G. Thomas, Colorado School of Mines
Peter D. Lee, University College London
Mark Roderic Jolly, Cranfield University
Alex J. Plotkowski, Oak Ridge National Laboratory
Kyle Fezi, Fort Wayne Metals
Scope This is the 5th International Symposium on Defects and Properties in Cast Metals sponsored by the Solidification Committee of the TMS MPMD.

Defects generated during the solidification of liquid metals, whether during primary metal processing, shape casting or additive manufacturing, dramatically affect the subsequent mechanical and physical properties of the final product. These defects arise from a range of fundamental mechanisms such as surface oxidation, entrainment of exogenous materials, dissolved gasses, solidification shrinkage, unwanted micro-structural phases with detrimental morphologies and the development of stresses in the solidifying metal resulting in hot tearing and cracking. In many instances, defects arise from a combination of many physical processes.

This symposium seeks contributions from all alloys systems, including ferrous, non-ferrous, superalloys, and other materials; and from all metals processes, including: ingot casting, DC casting, foundry/shape casting; including die casting, investment casting and sand casting, continuous casting, remelting processes and advanced solidification processes, such as additive manufacturing involving molten metal.

Topics include measurements and modeling of any phenomena related to casting defects and properties: liquid metal refining, inclusions and metal cleanliness; re-oxidation; slag / dross entrainment and fluid flow effects; surface defects, shrinkage, gas, and porosity problems; segregation (a-, v-, freckles, inverse, centerline, etc.); hot tearing and other cracks; residual stresses, distortion, and shape problems; microstructural, precipitate- and grain defects in the present of or without external fields, e.g. ultrasound, electromagnetic, shearing, etc; in-service properties, such as strength, ductility, toughness, fatigue, and wear; advanced characterization methods for defect detection, both online and ex situ sampling methods and modeling.

The objective is to bring together researchers working in diverse fields that may share common fundamentals and goals, but may not usually collaborate, in order to stimulate interdisciplinary discussion.

Abstracts Due 07/15/2023
Proceedings Plan Planned:

A Machine Learning approach for prediction of the size and locations of porosity in High Pressure Die Casting
Accurate Determination of the Liquidus Temperature to Avoid Defects Formation During Casting of Steels
Avoiding the cold shut defect by introducing the shape factor modifying Chvorinov’s rule in aluminum gravity die casting.
Casting simulation of ferrous alloys processed by hybrid casting
Comparing Analysis Methods of Centerline Segregation in Steel Continuous Casting
Control of surface longitudinal cracks during the continuous casting of steel
Crack risk prediction of continous casting process with solidification end reduction
Defect Analysis Of Cast Uranium Parts
Defects and Grain Structure Predictions of Nickel-base superalloy investment castings
Double peaks characteristics of hot tearing susceptibility of cast Mg-Ce-Al alloys
Effect of RE content on TiN inclusions formation in P110-grade casing steel
Eliminating blister in Aluminum billet
Evolution of Inclusions in Rare Earth Treated Low Carbon Micro-alloyed Steel
Experimental Validation of Advanced Shrinkage Porosity Simulations for Steel Castings
How various inoculants and their amount influence on the metal expansion penetration in grey cast iron component
In-Suit Observation of the Formation of CeAlO3 Clusters on the Surface of a Al-killed Molten Steel
Integrated Computational Materials Engineering Process Simulations for Predictions of Metal Casting Defects
Kinetic evolution of the composition of desulfurizers in the molten steel during RH refining process
Microalloying cast aluminum alloy A206 for enhanced mechanical and anti-corrosion performance
Mitigation of cracking formed during wire plus arc additive manufacturing of high alloyed austenitic and ferritic structures
Mold simulator study of lubrication behavior of high carbon steel slag film inside continuous casting mold
Nanotechnology-enabled Investment Casting of High Strength Wrought Aluminum Alloys
Prediction of Defects in Metal Additive Manufacturing
Rapid removal of lead from lead brass melt via super gravity enrichment
Rapid solidification of titanium alloy swarf
Restricting carbide growth in high-chrome white iron using Sr-containing additives
Revealing the microstructural and defects evolution mechanisms of aluminum alloys at freezing range by multiscale characterization, synchrotron X-ray tomography, and CALPHAD approaches
Simulations of multi-component solidification and freckles in alloys
Slag Entrainment and Entrapment Defects in Continuous Casting of Steel Slabs
Study of Tube/Pipe Cracking Induced by Casting Defects in Medium Carbon Steels
Study on Secondary Phase Precipitation Behavior of Ship Plate Steel Slab under Different Cooling Rates in Continuous Casting Process
Systematic variation of clustered porosity through casting parameter modification
The beneficial effect of minor iron additions on the crack susceptibility of rapidly solidified aluminum alloy 6060 towards additive manufacturing applications
The visualisation of hidden damage in cast aluminium components.
Three-Dimensional Microstructure Solidification Modelling Incorporating Concurrent Structural Mechanical Mechanisms
Varying Hall-Petch and Inverse Hall-Petch Regimes in Nanocrystalline CoCrFeMnNi High-Entropy Alloys under Shock Wave Loading
X-ray imaging of die-shape effects on defect formation during pressurised casting

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