Energy Materials 2017: Materials for Oil and Gas and AMREE Oil & Gas III: Technological Innovation for Efficiency Enhancements in Energy
Sponsored by: Chinese Society for Metals
Program Organizers: Indranil Roy, Schlumberger; Chengjia Shang, University of Science and Technology Beijing
Tuesday 8:30 AM
February 28, 2017
Location: San Diego Convention Ctr
Session Chair: Indranil Roy, Schlumberger
8:30 AM Keynote
Technological Innovation and Creative Destruction in the Energy Sector: Ram Shenoy1; 1RBR Group and Department of Energy
Up until 2005, conventional wisdom held that the world needed all available sources of energy, including oil & gas. Within a decade, the world went from energy scarcity to relative abundance. The technology of hydraulic fracturing disrupted global oil & gas supply. It dramatically lowered the cost of supply from unconventional reservoirs, greatly increasing the supply of available economic oil & gas. Economic competition between different energy sources is intensifying, including energy alternatives to oil & gas. What are the consequences for the global oil & gas demand outlook over the next 2 decades, and the implications for the industry? Many factors - macroeconomic, regulatory, technology and price - play a role in the global energy supply/demand outlook. We focus here on the impact of technological innovation in the various competing energy sources - both fossil-based and renewables. Innovation across a variety of scientific disciplines is discussed with particular emphasis on the impact of advances in materials on energy sources. Materials advances are changing the costs of extraction of fossil fuels, but at the same time are the foundation for making some types of renewable energy sources economically competitive. Two primary sectors, transportation and power generation are the major demand drivers for oil & gas respectively. In both cases, demand destruction has started that will continue to increase through 2030 and beyond. Driven by regulation, sustained technology progress to improve efficiency - improving mileage, or making power consumption more efficient - is moderating demand growth for oil & gas. Growing from a small base in 2015, technologies to substitute for oil & gas – alternative vehicles using electric power or biofuels, or renewables for power generation – are having a growing impact in reducing oil & gas demand through 2030. Technologies for energy storage, particularly battery technologies, are to be watched as they are on the critical path for creating a tipping point toward alternative vehicles in transportation, or toward renewables in power generation. A broad theme of the discussion is that of Joseph Schumpeter’s “Creative Destruction” - The "gale of creative destruction" describes the "process of industrial mutation that incessantly revolutionizes the economic structure from within, incessantly destroying the old one, incessantly creating a new one".
9:00 AM Keynote
Interfacial Engineering for Efficiency Enhancements in Energy-Water-Food: Kripa Varanasi1; 1Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Thermal-fluid-interfacial interactions are ubiquitous in multiple industries including Energy, Water, Agriculture, Food Processing, Transportation, Buildings, Medical, and Consumer Packaging. In this talk, we show how surface/interface chemistry and morphology can be engineered across multiple length scales ranging from atomic to macroscale for significant efficiency enhancements in a wide range of thermal-fluid processes. We study the thermodynamics and wetting dynamics of droplets as a function of surface texture and surface energy and establish various wetting regimes and conditions for wetting transitions. We show how breaking symmetry can fundamentally alter drop impact hydrodynamics and reduce the contact time of bouncing drops below previously established theoretical limits. This approach can have implications for controlling transport phenomena involving impacting droplets, for example in icing. We then present the behavior of surfaces under phase change, such as condensation, and freezing at nano, micro and macroscales, and find that their non-wetting properties can be compromised due to nucleation within texture features. Based on these insights, we introduce lubricant-impregnated surfaces that can exhibit remarkable slippery properties and robustness when compared to air-pocket based superhydrophobic surfaces. We discuss unconventional contact line morphology, cloaking states, thermodynamics and hydrodynamics, phase transitions such as condensation and crystallization and show how surfaces can be designed to be slippery to even complex fluids such as ketchup, mayonnaise, blood, paints, and crude oil. We discuss the influence of atomic and electronic structure on interfacial wetting interactions and use these fundamental insights to develop hydrophobic ceramic materials to address the critical need for robustness. Finally, we discuss how morphology and chemistry can be tailored to cause separation of oil-water nanoemulsions, desalination, among others. Manufacturing and scale-up approaches, robust materials, entrepreneurial efforts to translate these surface technologies into useful products, and applications of nanoengineered surfaces in various energy, oil & gas, water, food, consumer packaging, medical, and transportation industries, and will be discussed.
9:30 AM Keynote
Shell’s Game Changer - Delivering Disruptive Technologies through Partnership in Innovation: Hani Elshahawi1; 1Shell
First established in 1996, the Shell GameChanger program is widely recognized for identifying and cultivating ideas that have the potential to transform the energy sector. Over the last two decades, Shell GameChanger has proven itself as a successful vehicle for corporate open innovation, serving as angel invertor and incubator to over 1700 innovators and transforming more than a hundred ideas into reality.
10:00 AM Break
10:20 AM Keynote
Accelerated Materials Innovation – Technology Enablers for Enhanced Reliability, Efficiency and Production in Oil & Gas: Partha Ganguly1; 1Baker Hughes
Technology innovation has played a great role in oilfield by continuously (a) reducing operational time and complexity (b) decreasing production cost per BOE, and (c) making operations safer. These include smart (disintegrating) materials that have lessened the need for costly well interventions; sealing technologies for high pressure, high temperature wells that are making production from these wells possible; smart materials that can reduce water production from oil wells; and lifetime estimation and extension of downhole tools and installations through material degradation studies in representative environments. The need for innovation has been further accentuated by the recent dramatic downturn in oil prices. Not only does innovation need to be high impact, it also needs to follow an accelerated process. Such an accelerated process merits special considerations, including developing technology process enablers (test methods and models) and suitable integration across the innovation value chain (technology scouting, development, scale-up and commercialization). The current talk will focus on the role of innovations and innovative processes in defining safer, cheaper and faster ways of completing wells.
10:50 AM Keynote
Immigration Trends in the Energy Sector and Options for Professionals: Rehan Alimohammad1; 1Alimohammad & Zafar, PLLC
The U.S. Immigration system is currently one of the most restrictive systems in the world. This session will cover immigration trends in the energy sector as well as common and not so commonly used options.
11:20 AM Panel Discussion Topic: Innovations and Materials as Technology Enablers for Improving Cost & Performance Efficiencies in Energy
Panelists: Ram Shenoy, Kripa Varanasi, Hani Elshahawi, Partha Ganguly
Moderator: Indranil Roy