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Meeting 2014 TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition
Symposium Neutron and X-ray Studies of Advanced Materials VII: Challenges of the Future World
Sponsorship TMS Structural Materials Division
TMS/ASM: Mechanical Behavior of Materials Committee
Organizer(s) Rozaliya Barabash, Oak Ridge National Laboratory
Gernot Kostorz, ETH
Brent Fultz, California Institute of Technology
Peter Liaw, The University of Tennessee
Scope In 2012-2013 the diffraction community celebrated 100 years since the prediction of X-ray diffraction by M. Laue, and following his suggestion the first beautiful diffraction experiment by W. Friedrich and P. Knipping. To acknowledge the importance of the diffraction discovery, the United Nations Education, Science and Culture Organization (UNESCO) declared 2014 the International Year of Crystallography. The significance of techniques based on the analysis of the diffraction of X-rays, neutrons, electrons and Mossbauer photons discovered later, has continued to increase in the past 100 years.

The aim of this symposium is to provide a forum for discussion of using state-of-the-art neutron and X-ray scattering techniques for probing advanced materials. These techniques have been widely used to characterize materials structures across all length scales, from atomic to nano, meso, and macroscopic scales. With the development of sample environments, in-situ experiments, e.g., at temperatures and applied mechanical load, are becoming routine.

The development of ultra-brilliant third-generation synchrotron X-ray sources, together with advances in X-ray optics, has created intense X-ray microbeams, which provide the best opportunities for in-depth understanding of mechanical behavior in a broad spectrum of materials. Important applications include ultra-sensitive elemental detection by X-ray fluorescence/absorption and microdiffraction to identify phase and strain with submicrometer spatial resolution. X-ray microdiffraction is a particularly exciting application compared with alternative probes of crystalline structure, orientation and strain. X-ray microdiffraction is non-destructive with good strain resolution, competitive or superior spatial resolution in thick samples, and with the ability to probe below the sample surface. Advances in neutron sources and instrumentation also bring new opportunities in neutron scattering research. In addition to characterizing the structures, neutrons are also a great tool for elucidating the dynamics of materials. Because neutrons are highly penetrating, neutrons have been used to map stress in engineering systems. Neutrons have also played a vital role in our understanding of the magnetism and magnetic properties. Specialized instruments have been built to gain physical insights of the fundamental mechanisms governing phase transformation and mechanical behaviors of materials.
The application of those techniques, in combination with theoretical simulations and numerical modeling, will lead to major breakthroughs in materials science in the foreseeable future that will contribute to the development of materials technology and industrial innovation.

Some of the areas (but not limited to) to be explored:

1. Deformation and fracture
2. Texture and recrystallization
3. Analyses of complex, nano-crystalline and disordered materials
4. Spatially resolved measurements at different length scales and 3-dimensional methods
5. Time-resolved measurements of materials processing
6. Characterization of surfaces, interfaces and thin films
7. Theoretical modeling and simulations
8. Phase transition, evolution and critical scattering
9. Diffuse scattering studies of fundamental materials properties
10. Mechanical property characterization, with an emphasis on measurements at the nano- and micro-scale
11. Industrial applications
12. New experimental and analysis methods

Full-length papers are planned to be published in Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A.
Abstracts Due 07/15/2013
Proceedings Plan Planned: Metallurgical and Materials Transactions

3-D Diffuse-scattering Characteristics of the Diffraction Spots of NiMnGa Ferromagnetic Shape-memory Alloys
A Case Study in Future Energy Challenges: Towards In Situ Hard X-ray Microscopy of Photovoltaic Systems
A General Formalism to Model the Diffraction Pattern of Layered and Faulted Materials
A New High Energy Beamline at the Cornell High Energy Synchrotron Source
Advanced Synchrotron X-ray Studies of Recrystallization
An Atomistic Approach to Diffraction
Analyzing Diffraction Data in the 21st Century
Anisotropic Lattice Elastic/Plastic Strain Response in Laser Shock Peened Ti-6Al-4V Alloy
Atomic Dynamics and Viscosity in the Liquid
C68: Anomalous Small-angle Scattering with Soft X-rays at Al and Si K Absorption Edges
C69: In Situ Neutron Diffraction and Crystal Plasticity Modeling of α-Uranium
C70: Interpretation of Temperature Dependent Tensile Behavior of 304ss by In Situ Neutron Diffraction under Continuous Loading Modede
C71: Investigation on Creep Deformation of Ferritic Superalloys with a New Hierarchical Structure Using In Situ Neutron Diffraction
C72: Phase Contrast Microscopy with a Polychromatic X-ray Source
C73: SANS Study of Highly Irradiated RPV Steels
C74: Temperature Dependent Intergranular Stresses during Constrained Continuous Heating and Cooling Cycles in a High Strength Quenched and Tempered Structural Steel
C75: Refractive and Diffractive Neutron Optics with Reduced Chromatic Abberation
C76: Reconstruction of Intensity from Contained Samples
C77: Understanding Semi-solid Mechanics in Al-Cu Using 4D In Situ Synchrotron-based X-ray Tomographic Microscopy
Coherent Diffraction Imaging of Strain on the Nanoscale
Deformation Mechanisms of a 20Mn TWIP Steel Investigated with In Situ Neutron Diffraction and TEM
Development of Synchronized LPSO Microstructures in MgREZn System Examined by SWAXS
Energy dispersive µLaue analysis of deformation structures in micron sized bending beams
Environmental-temperature Effect on a Ductile High-entropy Alloy Investigated by In Situ Neutron-diffraction Measurements
Formation of <210> Texture in a Cold Drawn Metastable Beta Ti Alloy
Hard X-ray Microscopy: Multiscale Structural Mapping
In-situ Nanofocused X-ray Diffraction in Combination with Atomic Force Microscopy for In-situ Mechanical Testing of Nanostructures
In Situ Characterization of Grade 92 Steel during Tensile Deformation Using Wide Angle and Small Angle X-ray Scattering
In Situ Determination of Crystal Structure and Domain Character in Lead Free Piezoceramics
In Situ Diffraction Reveals Grain Size Dependence of Domain Wall Motion and Relation to Macroscopic Properties in BaTiO3
In Situ Neutron Diffraction during Multi-axial Deformation
In Situ Neutron Diffraction Study of Shape Memory Alloys under Isothermal, Isobaric and Isostrain Loads
In Situ Neutron Powder Diffraction on Hydrogen Storage Materials
In Situ Synchrotron Diffraction Characterization of Stressed and Highly-faulted, Nanocrystalline Ni(W) Thin Films; Effect of Tensile Loading and Thermal Cycling
Local Structure in Wüstite, Fe1-xO, by Single Crystal Diffuse Scattering and PDF Analysis
Long Range Internal Stresses in ECAP Aluminum Alloys
Measuring Strains In Operando in Alloy-based Anodes for Lithium Ion Batteries Using X-ray Diffraction
Metals under Complex Conditions: In-situ and real-time Information Revealt by Neutron and Synchrotron X-Ray Diffraction
Microbeam X-ray Measurements of the Full Elastic Strain Tensor from Individual Dislocation Cells in Copper-through-Si Vias
Monitoring Precipitation in Severely Plastically Deformed Aluminum Alloys Using In Situ Small-angle X-ray Scattering
Multi-modal Tracking of Microstructure Responses: Combining Near-field Orientation Mapping, Far-field Strain Sensitivity, and Tomography in HEDM Measurements
Neutron and X-ray Scattering Investigations of Microscopic Energy Transport
Neutron Diffraction Study and EPSC Modeling of Multi-pass Tig Weld
Neutron Scattering Studies of the Advanced Multi-phases Steels at HANARO
New Intrinsic Mechanism on Gum-like Superelasticity of Multifunctional Alloys
New Method for Elastic Strain and Stress Determination Using Spherical Harmonics Starting from the Voigt Model
New Roles for Small-angle X-ray and Neutron Scattering in Real-time Crystallography of Processes in Technological Materials
Optimising Time Resolved Strain Resolution with Micro-laue X-ray Diffraction
Phonon Dynamics in SnTe
Powder Diffraction and Lattice Dynamics of Nanocrystals
Probing Deformation Mechanism of a New Class of Nanocomposite Materials by In Situ High Energy X-ray Diffraction
Real Instruments and Virtual Samples: Mesoscale Sampling by Neutron Diffraction in Polycrystalline Materials under Load
Recent Neutron and Synchrotron Studies in Magnetic Shape Memory Alloys
Resonant Intrinsic Local Modes and Disorder as Generators of Relaxor Ferroelectric Behavior
Simulations and Experiments of Diffraction Peak Broadening Due to Misorientation in Silicon Single Crystals Deformed by Single Slip
Slip Systems and Dislocation Densities from X-ray or Neutron Diffraction
Small Angle X-ray Scattering Study of ω Phase in Metastable β Titanium Single Crystals
Stability of the Two-phase (α/ω) Microstructure of Shocked Zirconium
State of Hydrogen and Deuterium in Electrochemically and Chemically Charged High Purity Aluminum
Strain Mechanisms in Polycrystalline BaTiO3 Measured at the Single Grain Level during In Situ Electrical Poling
Structural Characterization of Complex Materials
Structure and Composition Determination in Fluctuation X-ray Scattering using Angular Autocorrelation Function as Signature
Synchrotron Laue X-ray Microdiffraction Imaging
Synchrotron X-ray Diffraction Study of the Plasticity of Bulk Metallic Glass Composites
The Extended Tertiary Creep Stage and Its Relationship with the Diffusion around NiAl Precipitates in NiAl-Strengthened Ferritic Alloys
The Invar Systems Fe-Pd and Fe-Pt
Three-dimensional Coherent X-ray Surface Scattering Imaging
Unravelling the Origin of Enhanced Performance of Mg-Zn-Zr Alloy ZK60 by Means of Synchrotron Radiation and Electron Microscopy
X-ray Diffraction Analysis Proofing Surface Sensitive Metallographic Sample Preparation

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