||The materials provide unique devices and sensors because of unique properties and enhance performance while reducing the cost. The processing parameters of materials provide different morphologies and enable to achieve optimized properties. The science and engineering tools to alter and improve materials has enabled materials with unique capabilities and multiple capabilities. On the other hand, processing to achieve bulk, thin film, micro and nanostructures provide another area for unique and unusual properties for devices and systems. The multifunctional materials research is an emerging and multidisciplinary area where scientists and engineers with chemists, physicists, and engineers with multiple backgrounds can contribute in processing of materials and devices. The multifunctionality arises (or designed using functional group) due to different functional group of materials which provides structural, electronic (resistivity, mobility, damage threshold), optical (refractive index, velocity), radiological (high Z, mt, scintillation) and other functionalities. This helps in reducing size, weight and cost without compromising the performance.