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About this Symposium
Meeting 2018 TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition
Symposium Advanced Real Time Optical Imaging
Sponsorship TMS Functional Materials Division
TMS Structural Materials Division
TMS: Advanced Characterization, Testing, and Simulation Committee
TMS: Alloy Phases Committee
TMS: Biomaterials Committee
Organizer(s) Jinichiro Nakano, US Department of Energy National Energy Technology Laboratory
David Alman, National Energy Technology Laboratory
Il Sohn, Yonsei University
Hiroyuki Shibata, Tohoku University
Antoine Allanore, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Scope Real time observations can provide important information needed to understand materials behavior, as these techniques can provide valuable insights on mechanisms free from artifacts induced from conventional experimental techniques. Emerging optical imaging techniques are comparatively inexpensive methods that allow such observations. Methods, such as confocal laser microscopy, can be enhanced with capabilities that enable heating and cooling, controlled atmospheres, and application of stresses; and can be used to generate real time thermodynamic and kinetic data needed to study a variety of materials and processes, such as phase transformation, oxidation, corrosion, etc. In-vivo fluorescence methods can be used to provide essential information on the behavior of biomaterials. This symposium intends to encompass a broad range of materials science topics to enable and promote cross-cutting opportunities for multiple disciplines (biomaterials, energy materials, functional materials, structural materials, etc.). Papers are solicited on technique development, as well as, on the application of these methods to materials science and engineering. Topics include, but not limited to:

- In-situ, in-operando, in-vitro, and in-vivo observation techniques, such as confocal laser microscopes, thermal imaging furnace, and other optical techniques.
- Confocal techniques, including fluorescence and reflection types, which may be equipped with capabilities such as heating/cooling chambers, gas chambers, mechanical testing, Raman spectroscope, and FTIR.
- Other optical microscopic or telescopic methods include hot thermocouple, resistance heating, and sessile drop techniques used for high temperature phenomena.
- Thermodynamic and kinetic data from these techniques, useful for phase diagram constructions, oxidation/corrosion modeling, phase formation kinetics studies, etc.
- Findings of studies on interrogation of materials by these techniques.
Abstracts Due 07/16/2017
Proceedings Plan Planned: Supplemental Proceedings volume

Agglomeration Behavior of Non-metallic Inclusions in Liquid High Carbon Steel
Agglomeration of Non-metallic Inclusions at the Liquid Steel/Ar Gas Interface: A Summary of In-situ Observation Experiments and a Theoretical Study
Current State Art of Double Hot Thermocouple Technology—Novel Way for the Study of Mold Flux High-temperature Properties
Determining Metastable Phase Transformation Temperature between Al4Sm-beta and Al4Sm-gamma
Direct Observation of Iron Solidification under Molten Slag
High-temperature Microscopy Incorporating Differential Thermal Analysis
In-situ Microscopic Study of Natural Hematite over Repeated Reduction-oxidation Gas Exposures
In-situ Observation of Reduction or Oxidation of Molten CaO-FeOx-SiO2 Oxides at 1573 K
In-situ Observation of Sulfide Formation during Solidification in Fe-Cr-Ni-Mn-S Alloys
In-situ Studies of Selective Oxidation in Advanced High Strength Steels
In Situ Observation of Dissolution of Oxide Inclusions in Steelmaking Slags
Insitu Tensile Performance of P91 Steel in CO2 Environment, Utilizing Small Samples and a Confocal Microscope
Introduction to Advanced Real Time Optical Imaging
Investigation of Integrated Recycling Waste Heat and Slag Resources Using Single Hot Thermocouple Technique
Localized Concentration of Metal Cations of Steelmaking Slags and its Visualization Using Confocal Laser Scanning Microscope
Mass Transfer in High-temperature Laser Confocal Microscopy
Observations of Ferrite Formation and Growth in Inclusion-engineered Low Alloy Steels during In-situ Heat Treatments
Real-time Observation of Solution Growth Interface of SiC Using Alloy Solvent
Real Time Observation of High Temperature Metallurgical Phenomenon at the University of Leuven
Thermal Imaging Furnace for the Investigation of the Molten State
Using High-temperature Confocal Scanning Laser Microscopy to Study Transient Phenomena: Swelling and Spontaneous Emulsification
Wettability of Graphite-alumina Composites against Molten CaO-SiO2-Al2O3-MgO Slags
Wetting, Spreading and Penetrating Behavior of Slags in Contact with Refactory Ceramics

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