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Meeting 2018 TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition
Symposium Fracture: 65 Years after the Weibull Distribution and the Williams Singularity
Sponsorship TMS Materials Processing and Manufacturing Division
TMS Structural Materials Division
TMS: Mechanical Behavior of Materials Committee
TMS: Nanomechanical Materials Behavior Committee
Organizer(s) Brad L. Boyce, Sandia National Laboratories
Ellen K. Cerreta, Los Alamos National Laboratory
Jacob Hochhalter, NASA LaRC
Jonathan A. Zimmerman, Sandia National Laboratories
Scope In 1951, Waloddi Weibull published a single-author paper describing a new statistical distribution “of wide applicability” in the Journal of Applied Mechanics. The very next year in the same journal, Max Williams published a single-author paper describing an analytic stress singularity that has become the foundation of linear elastic fracture mechanics. The Weibull distribution provides a stress-based method for assessing the statistics of failure whereas the Williams singularity provides a deterministic description of the stress field at a crack tip that drives fracture. While the two approaches are quite different, they both continue to be profoundly useful for engineering design. The symposium will focus on application of these methods to materials science, the limitations of these methods and nuance that has been unearthed after 65 years of use. How have these methods assisted in the development of improved engineering materials and more reliable engineered structures? What recent analysis methods for material failure might have a similar impact 65 years from now? Why is recent research not as readily adopted by broad engineering practice? What are the current generational challenges in fracture and material failure?
Abstracts Due 07/16/2017
Proceedings Plan Planned: Supplemental Proceedings volume

A Data-driven Approach to Predict Microstructurally Small Crack Evolution
A Probability Model for Stress Rupture Failure of Carbon Composites, Incorporating Weibull Fiber Strength Statistics, Local Fiber Load Sharing, and Matrix Creep
An Integrity Basis of Fracture Challenges
Applicability of Weibull Statistics for Micro- and Nano-scale Silicon Components
Comparison of Methods to Find the Weibull Stress Parameters
Composite Overwrapped Pressure Vessel (COPV) Life Test
Computational Procedure for Designing New Gen 3 Steels with High Formability and Ductile Fracture Resistance
Forward Propagation of Random Microstructural Features for Reliability Estimates of Engineering Structures
Fracture Behavior of High Performance Sheet Steel
Fracture Toughness of Silicon by Variable Temperature Micropillar Splitting
Grain and Sub-grain Level Strains ahead of an Evolving Fatigue Short Crack as Measured by X-ray Techniques
High Temperature Cracking Damage of Calcium Aluminate Cements
K-dominance of Atomistic Cracks
Limitations and Applicability of LEFM to Spalling Fracture in Single Crystal Semiconductors
NASA's Plan for Development and Transition of Computational Materials-based Capabilities for Next-generation Durability / Damage Tolerance and Additive Manufacturing
On the Experimental Evaluation of the Fracture Toughness of Shape Memory Alloys
On the Prediction of Failure in 6016 Aluminum Alloy Sheet by GISSMO Damage Model
Physical and Computational Aspects of Engineering Damage Mechanics
Predicting Joint Strength: Evaluating Interface Corner Stress Intensity Factor and Cohesive Zone Modeling Approaches
Re-tooling the Engineering Predictive Practices for Durability and Damage Tolerance
Singularities of Dynamic Cracks
The Complexity of Ductile Fracture
The Effect of Loading Rate on Fracture Toughness of Low Ductility Materials
Toughness, Roughness and Crack Path Engineering for Improved Ductile Fracture Resistance
Trends in Microstructure-sensitive Computational Approaches to Fatigue Cracking
Use of Weibull Distribution to Characterize High Performance Fibers
Using R-curves to Predict Fatigue Behavior in Crack Bridging Toughened Ceramics
Void Initiation during Ductile Rupture of Pure Metals
Weibull Analysis of High Strength Ni- and Fe-based Bulk Metallic Glasses

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