This research focused on the characterization of ferrous grinding swarf from automobile industry and oil removal from the swarf. In general, grinding swarf comprised metal grindings, oil residue, and ceramic particles. Metalworking fluids provide better grinding properties by lubricating and cooling the interface between tool and material. However, oil residue covers metal grindings and ceramic particles after its work, and it is undesirable since the oil burns explosively during smelting operations for metal recovery. For this reason, efficient oil removal from ferrous grinding swarf is essential for its reuse as a secondary metal resource. In this research, initial characterization of the sample and preliminary oil removal tests were conducted. From the results, ferrous grinding swarf contained about 80 % of metallic iron and 16 % of oil residue by weight (dry basis), and most of oil could be washed with dilute detergent after three washing cycles.