In this work, it is proved that a commercially pure aluminum with ultrafine-grained (UFG) structures can be fabricated in the industry. Aluminum was hot rolled, followed by subsequent fast cooling (water quenching, WQ) or slow cooling (furnace cooling, FC), and then cold rolled (CR). The WQ UFG Al exhibits an enhanced thermal stability due to an increase in concentration of solid solution atoms, relative to the FC one. Moreover, detailed microstructural characterization indicates that the WQ UFG Al has finer grain dimensions and an increased proportion of high-angle grain boundaries. X-ray pole figures measurements were performed on the CR and annealed specimens to obtain the macrotextures. Electron backscattered diffraction was employed to observe the microstructures and microtextures of these samples. The results reveal that annealing occurred in a way of grain coarsening and the rolling texture was retained in the WQ samples, while traditional recrystallization occurred in the FC samples.