|About this Abstract
||2017 TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition
||Deriving Value from Challenging Waste Materials: Recycling and Sustainability Joint Session
||D-21: Removal of Magnesium from Liquor Produced by Nickel Mining by Crystallization
||Kristine Bruce Wanderley, Jorge Alberto Soares Tenório
|On-Site Speaker (Planned)
||Kristine Bruce Wanderley
Mining of nickel ores generates large volumes of waste that must be removed in order to eliminate water contamination and reduce environmental impacts created by waste barriers. In this context, the need for innovations concerning the recovery of magnesium present in the liquor produced by the leaching of nickel laterite with sulfuric acid arises. Therefore, this work aims to develop a study regarding the crystallization of magnesium from a synthetic liquor solution using a batch autoclave system at high temperature. Agitation speed was kept constant at 1000 rpm throughout the 3 hours of batch reaction for temperatures of 230 °C and 200 °C. Aliquots taken at each hour were analyzed by ion chromatography to measure magnesium concentration. The highest magnesium removal was observed for temperature 230 °C. X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy (EDS-SEM) analysis proved that the product formed was magnesium sulphate monohydrate crystals. Thermogravimetric analysis coupled with a mass spectrometer was used for the evaluation of the thermal stability of magnesium sulphate monohydrate. It was found that MgO and SO2 were formed by the decomposition of the salt at 1100 °C.