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Meeting 2017 TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition
Symposium Energy Materials 2017: Materials for Oil and Gas and AMREE Oil & Gas III
Presentation Title Interfacial Engineering for Efficiency Enhancements in Energy-Water-Food
Author(s) Kripa Varanasi
On-Site Speaker (Planned) Kripa Varanasi
Abstract Scope Thermal-fluid-interfacial interactions are ubiquitous in multiple industries including Energy, Water, Agriculture, Food Processing, Transportation, Buildings, Medical, and Consumer Packaging. In this talk, we show how surface/interface chemistry and morphology can be engineered across multiple length scales ranging from atomic to macroscale for significant efficiency enhancements in a wide range of thermal-fluid processes. We study the thermodynamics and wetting dynamics of droplets as a function of surface texture and surface energy and establish various wetting regimes and conditions for wetting transitions. We show how breaking symmetry can fundamentally alter drop impact hydrodynamics and reduce the contact time of bouncing drops below previously established theoretical limits. This approach can have implications for controlling transport phenomena involving impacting droplets, for example in icing. We then present the behavior of surfaces under phase change, such as condensation, and freezing at nano, micro and macroscales, and find that their non-wetting properties can be compromised due to nucleation within texture features. Based on these insights, we introduce lubricant-impregnated surfaces that can exhibit remarkable slippery properties and robustness when compared to air-pocket based superhydrophobic surfaces. We discuss unconventional contact line morphology, cloaking states, thermodynamics and hydrodynamics, phase transitions such as condensation and crystallization and show how surfaces can be designed to be slippery to even complex fluids such as ketchup, mayonnaise, blood, paints, and crude oil. We discuss the influence of atomic and electronic structure on interfacial wetting interactions and use these fundamental insights to develop hydrophobic ceramic materials to address the critical need for robustness. Finally, we discuss how morphology and chemistry can be tailored to cause separation of oil-water nanoemulsions, desalination, among others. Manufacturing and scale-up approaches, robust materials, entrepreneurial efforts to translate these surface technologies into useful products, and applications of nanoengineered surfaces in various energy, oil & gas, water, food, consumer packaging, medical, and transportation industries, and will be discussed.
Proceedings Inclusion? Planned: Stand-alone book in which only your symposium’s papers would appear (indicate title in comments section below)


A Combined Micromechanics/Materials Science Approach to Understanding High Temperature Hydrogen Attack
Accelerated Materials Innovation – Technology Enablers for Enhanced Reliability, Efficiency and Production in Oil & Gas
Advanced Duplex Stainless Steels for Extreme Oil-Gas Environments
Anisotropic Behaviors for X100 High Grade Pipeline Steel under Stress Constraints
Bulk Nanomaterials with Superior Strength and Thermostability
Co-relation of Microstructural Features with Tensile and Toughness Characteristics of X70 Grade Steel
Development and Applications of New Generation Ni-containing Cryogenic Steels in China
Development of Cr-based Duplex Alloy for Corrosive Environments II: Evaluation of Corrosion Resistance in Boiling Sulfuric Acid
Development of Cr-based Duplex Alloy for Corrosive Environments I: Evaluation of Mechanical Properties and Pitting Potential
Development of High-strength and High Corrosion-resistant Ni-Cr-Al Alloy for Drilling Tools
Development of Polymer-based Composite Coatings for the Gas Exploration Industry
Effect of Residual Stress on Aging Precipitation Behavior of Oil-grade Alloy 718
Effect of Severe Plastic Deformation (SPD) Surface Treatment on Corrosion Resistance and Environmental Cracking (EC) Susceptibility of Various Alloys
Failure Conditions for Individual Grain Boundaries in a Ni-base Alloy Embrittled by H
Gradient Materials: Microstructure, Texture and Properties
High Strength Alloys for Oil and Gas Drilling Applications
High Strength Nickel-based Alloys for HPHT Applications
High Temperature Shape Memory Alloys for Potential Applications in Oil and Gas Industry
Hydrogen-assisted Failure in Ni-base Superalloy 718 Studied under In-situ Hydrogen Charging: The Role of Localized Deformation in Crack Propagation
Hydrogen Embrittlement of High Strength Nickel-based Alloys in HP HT Applications
Immigration Trends in the Energy Sector and Options for Professionals
Interfacial Engineering for Efficiency Enhancements in Energy-Water-Food
Interfacial Engineering for Suppressing Mineral Scale Fouling
Investigation on the Weldability of High-strength Steels Used for Low Temperature Environment
Iron-based Amorphous Metals for Impact and Corrosion Resistance Applications: The Effect of Pressure and Current on Devitrification Kinetics
Mineral Scale Fouling Under Boiling: Fundamentals to Mitigation
Novel Cu-bearing Antibacterial Pipeline Steels for Microbiologically Induced Corrosion Control
Potential of Crystal Defects for Enhancing Bulk Functional Nanomaterials
Processing Aluminum 6061 by Equal Channel Angular Extrusion for Oil and Gas Applications
Research on the Pinpoint Controlling of CRA N08028 OCTG Microstructure and Properties
Scientific and Technological Foundations for Pilot Scale Production of Nanostructured Metals
Sensitivity Variation of Nanomaterials at Different Operating Temperature Conditions
Shell’s Game Changer - Delivering Disruptive Technologies through Partnership in Innovation
Stabilizing Nanostructures in Metals via Interface Architectures
Technological Innovation and Creative Destruction in the Energy Sector
The Four R's to Promote Ductility of Metallic Glasses
The Microstructural Origin of the Multifunctional Properties of Energy Metals
The Research and Development of Low Cost 21.4mm/22mm X80 Hot Rolled Strip Based on Austenite Grain Condition Optimizating
The World of Water Reactive or Degradable Alloys: Oilfield, Defense, Bio-Medical and Beyond

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