|About this Abstract
||2017 TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition
||In-situ Methods for Unraveling Structure-Property Relationships in Light Metals
||Overview of In-Situ X-ray Studies of Light Alloy Solidification in Microgravity
||David J Browne, F. García-Moreno, H. Nguyen-Thi, G. Zimmermann, F. Kargl, Ragnvald Mathiesen, Axel Griesche, O. Minster
|On-Site Speaker (Planned)
||David J Browne
Gravity has significant effects on alloy solidification, primarily due to thermosolutal convection and solid phase buoyancy. Since 2004, the European Space Agency has been supporting investigation of these effects by promoting in-situ X-ray monitoring of the solidification of aluminium alloys on microgravity platforms, on earth, and in periodically varying g conditions. The first microgravity experiment – investigating foaming of liquid metals – was performed on board a sounding rocket, in 2008. In 2012 the first ever X-ray-monitored solidification of a fully dense metallic alloy in space was achieved: the focus was columnar solidification of an Al-Cu alloy. This was followed in 2015 by a similar experiment, investigating equiaxed solidification. Ground reference experiments were completed in all cases. In addition, similar experiments have been performed on board parabolic flights – where the effects of varying gravity have been studied. We review here the technical and scientific progress to date, and outline future perspectives.