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Meeting 2018 TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition
Symposium Scandium Extraction and Use in Aluminum Alloys
Presentation Title Direct Method for Producing Scandium Metal and Scandium-aluminium Intermetallic Compounds from the Oxides
Author(s) Ana Maria Martinez, Karen Osen, Henrik Gudbrandsen, Camilla Sommerseth, Zhaohui Wang, Ove Darell
On-Site Speaker (Planned) Ana Maria Martinez
Abstract Scope The electrochemical de-oxidation process, also called FFC-Cambridge process, has been proposed previously for the production of reactive metals and their alloys through reduction of their metal oxides. The process works by introducing metal oxides into a molten salt bath where it is electrolysed to form metal powders offering both economic and environmental benefits over the traditional metal production methods. Within the frame of the EU-financed project SCALE (GA 730105), SINTEF has optimized the parameters of the direct electrolytic reduction of Sc2O3 and Sc2O3-Al2O3 precursors (dross from Al-Sc alloy production), giving Sc and Al-Sc metallic powders, respectively, in a molten CaCl2-based electrolyte at a working temperature of ca. 900 C. The influence of the cathode current collector, the electrode configuration and the applied cathodic potential in both the reduction mechanism as well as the metal product quality has been studied.
Proceedings Inclusion? Planned: Light Metals


An Examination of the Effect of Solidification Processing upon the Strengthening of AlMgSc Alloys
Commercial Scandium Oxide Production by Sumitomo Metal Mining Co., Ltd.
Design and Processing Conditions of Hypoeutectic Al-Cu-Sc Alloys for Maximum Benefit of Scandium
Direct Method for Producing Scandium Metal and Scandium-aluminium Intermetallic Compounds from the Oxides
Effect of Treatment Parameters on Structure, Mechanical and Corrosion Properties of Al-Mg-Sc Alloy Forgings with Reduced Concentration of Scandium
Electrochemical Formation of Alloys of Scandium in Molten Salts
Extraction of Scandium from Lateritic Nickel-cobalt Ore Leach Solution by Ion Exchange: A Special Study and Literature Review on Previous Works
Influence of the Al3(Sc,Zr) Dispersoids and the Stretching on the Natural Ageing Behavior of a Binary Al-4wt%Cu Alloys
Novel Heat Treatments for Scandium Containing Al-Si Alloys (Including 6xxx Series Alloys)
Sc Applications in Aluminum Alloys: Overview of Russian Research in the 20th Century
Scandium-enriched Nano-precipitates in Aluminum Provide Enhanced Coarsening and Creep Resistance
Scandium Recovery from the Nyngan Laterite Project in NSW
The Effect of Scandium and Zirconium on the Microstructure, Mechanical Properties and Formability of a Model Al-Cu Alloy
The Effect of Scandium on the Electrical Conductivity and Mechanical Properties of Al-Sc Alloys

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