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Meeting 2016 TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition
Symposium Biological Materials Science Symposium
Presentation Title Structural Design Elements in Biological Materials: Application to Bioinspiration
Author(s) Marc Andre Meyers, Steve Naleway, Joanna McKittrick, Michael Porter
On-Site Speaker (Planned) Marc Andre Meyers
Abstract Scope We identify eight structural elements and propose these as a new paradigm in the field of biological materials science as they can serve as a toolbox for rationalizing the complex response of structural biological materials and for systematizing the development of bioinspired designs for structural applications. They are employed to improve the mechanical properties, namely strength, hardness, stiffness, flexibility, fracture toughness and energy absorption, of different biological materials for a variety of functions: body support, joint movement, impact protection, weight reduction. The structural elements identified are: fibrous, helical, gradient, layered, tubular, cellular, suture and articulating. We present critical design parameters along with constitutive equations with a focus on mechanical properties. Additionally, example organisms from varying biological classes are presented for each case to display the wide variety of environments where each of these elements is present. Examples of current bioinspired materials are also introduced for each element.Support:MURI AFOSR-FA9550-15-1-0009
Proceedings Inclusion? Planned: Publication Outside of TMS (Indicate publication title and publisher if known.)


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