Gold has been viewed as the ultimate symbol of value by civilizations for millennia, meaning the vast majority of the ~175,000 tonnes of gold mined over time is still in existence, primarily in the form of jewelry, coins and bars. The fact it is challenging to mine at scale, but relatively easy to refine and then re-refine as needed just adds to its recyclability. Hundreds of tonnes of the metal are used in the electronics industry every year in the form of bonding wire and contact coatings, and its presence in end-of-life electronics has helped drive recycling in this sector. The development of the next generation of catalysts is offering improved routes to critical feedstock chemicals whilst providing a pathway to recover and reuse the metal itself. It’s even a critical component of medical diagnostic devices used around the world – here the smallest quantity of gold imaginable is at the heart of hundreds of millions of malaria diagnostics used on a yearly basis. This presentation will explore some of these areas in more detail, and touch on other aspects of mining and technology relevant to gold’s evolving role in the circular economy.