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Meeting 2016 TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition
Symposium Hume-Rothery Award Symposium: Thermodynamics of Materials
Presentation Title Ultrafast Dynamics of Excited Electrons in Materials
Author(s) Marco Bernardi
On-Site Speaker (Planned) Marco Bernardi
Abstract Scope How does an excited electron lose its energy and returns to thermodynamic equilibrium? This problem is central in fields ranging from materials science to physics and energy. We developed and applied calculations to study the ultrafast dynamics of out-of-equilibrium charge carriers – also known as hot carriers (HCs) – in semiconductors and metals. We present ab initio calculations of electron-phonon, electron-electron, and electron-defect scattering that can predict the time and length scale for HC relaxation and equilibration in materials. We apply this framework to: 1) HC thermalization in the first picosecond after sunlight absorption in silicon. 2) HCs in GaAs, for which our results contribute to resolve experimental controversies and challenge the tenet that optical lattice vibrations are responsible for HC equilibration. 3) HCs generated by surface plasmons in noble metals, a process of relevance in optoelectronics and photocatalysis, for which we predict optimal conditions for HC generation and extraction.
Proceedings Inclusion? Planned: A print-only volume

OTHER PAPERS PLANNED FOR THIS SYMPOSIUM

A Thermodynamic Approach to Predicting Electronic Properties of Molten Systems
Ab-initio Modeling of Quasielastic Neutron Scattering of Hydrogen Pipe Diffusion in Palladium
Ab Initio Molecular Dynamics Study of Speciation in AlCl3-ZnCl2-based Network Forming Liquids
Activation Barriers for Polaron Hopping in Phospho-olivines
Charting the Elastic Properties of Crystalline Inorganic Compounds
Comments on Thermodynamic Instability
Elasticity of Metallic Glasses, Crystals, and Glass Forming Liquids
Electromechanical Coupling of Ferroelectric Relaxors Enhanced by Polar-nanoregion Vibrations
Electronic Structure and Phonon Thermodynamics of Fe-Au Alloys
Electronic Transitions upon Compression: From Changes of the Fermi Surface Topology to Crossings of Core Levels
Experimental Studies of Mode-resolved Thermal Phonon Transport Properties
First-principles Modelling of Grain Boundary Phase in Nd-Fe-B Permanent Magnet
First-principles Studies of Strongly Anharmonic Crystalline Solids
Genetic Algorithm Structure Optimization Applied to Defect Clusters and Nanoparticles with Integrated Experimental Data
Harnessing Materials Properties and Data for Accelerated Design
High-throughput Computational Search for Strengthening Precipitates in Alloys
Hydrides and Hydrogen Pipe Diffusion in Palladium: First Principles, Kinetic Monte Carlo, and Neutron Scattering
Inclusion of Phonon-Phonon and Magnon-Phonon Couplings in the Thermodynamic Description of Materials: An Ab Initio Approach
Information is Not Knowledge
Lattice Excitations in Magnetic Alloys: Recent Advances in Ab Initio Modeling of Coupled Spin and Atomic Fluctuations
Mixed-space Approach to Phonons Involving Vibration-Induced Dipole-Dipole Interactions
Non-harmonic Modelling of Materials
Orbitally-driven Giant Phonon Anharmonicity in SnSe
Phonon-Induced Charge Transfer and Electron-Phonon Interaction in FeTi
Phonon Anharmonicity in Silicon from 100 to 1500 K
Phonon Density of States and Dispersion Relations: Thermodynamics & Elasticity from Inelastic X-Ray Scattering
Phonon Dynamics and Vibrational Entropy of bcc Fe at Elevated Temperatures
Phonons and Bonding in Information Storage Phase Change Materials
Reduced Elastic Anisotropy of Cementite at Moderate Temperatures from Nonharmonic Effects
Temperature Dependent Phonon Anharmonicity in Elementary and Martensite Systems
The Origin of Entropy in Materials
The Topology of Fast Li-ion Conductors
Thermodynamic Properties and Vibrational Dynamics of Pt and Fe Nanoparticles: Size, Shape, Support, and Adsorbate Effects
Thermodynamics and Thermal Transport Near Lattice Instabilities
Thermodynamics of Multicomponent Alloys: Beyond the Binary Approximation
Ultrafast Dynamics of Excited Electrons in Materials
Vibrational Entropies of Liquids and Glasses
Vibrational Entropy and Chemical Configurations: Experimental Quantification and Their Correlation
X-ray and Neutron Scattering Studies of Lattice Vibrations and Thermodynamic Phase Stability in Vanadium Dioxide

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