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Meeting 2017 TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition
Symposium Energy Technologies
Presentation Title Life Cycle Assessments of Incineration Treatment for Sharp Medical Waste
Author(s) Maryam Ghodrat, Bijan Samali, Maria Rashidi
On-Site Speaker (Planned) Maryam Ghodrat
Abstract Scope Treatment of sharp medical waste (waste disposable syringes) produced in hospitals or health care facilities in an environmentally sound ways have raised concerns relating to public health and occupational safety. Life cycle assessment (LCA) is a decision-supporting tool in waste management practice; but relatively little research has been done on the evaluation of sharp medical waste treatment from a life cycle perspective. Our study assesses the environmental performances of medical waste incineration as a type of dominant technology for specific medical waste of average composition. Inventory models were used for waste incineration and residues landfill. Background data were derived from modelling performed in HSC Chemistry thermochemical package linked with GaBi environmental assessment tool. Two scenarios have been considered and compared: Waste disposable syringes partially replacing coke in Electric Arc Furnace (EAF) steelmaking (WSI) and conventional incineration with pure metallurgical coke without adding waste syringes (CI). The results of this study could support the medical waste hierarchy and indicate that from a life cycle perspective, replacing part of metallurgical coke with waste syringes in electric arc furnace steelmaking leads to fairly significant reduce in most of environmental impact categories.
Proceedings Inclusion? Planned: Stand-alone book in which only your symposium’s papers would appear (indicate title in comments section below)

OTHER PAPERS PLANNED FOR THIS SYMPOSIUM

Absorption of Atmospheric CO2 Using Banana Peel Waste
Advanced Composite Materials for Passive Thermal Management of Electronics
Applications of Engineered Materials for Geothermal Resource Utilization
Continuous Optimization of the Energy Input – The Success Story of AOS
D-22: AC Analysis of Impedancemetric, Electrochemical NOx Sensors for Emission Control
D-23: Effect of Granularity on Pretreatment of Coke with Microwave Irradiation
D-24: Effect of Microwave and Ultrasonic Coupling Treatment on Granularity and Microstructure of Pulverized Coal
D-25: Influence of Sodium on Coke Microstructure in Different Reaction Atmosphere
D-26: The Energy Efficiency Studies Of Aluminium Electrolysis Cells
Development of a Fluidized-Bed Ash Agglomeration Modeling Methodology to Include Particle-Level Heterogeneities in Ash Chemistry and Granular Physics
Disordered 3D Multi-layer Graphene Anode Material from CO2 for Sodium-Ion Batteries
Energy Recovery of Livestock Waste in Taiwan
Energy Savings through Thermally-efficient Crucible Technology: Fundamentals, Process Modeling, and Applications
Experimental Study on Electro-spraying of Ethanol Based on PDA Measurement
Graphene-like Ultrathin 2D Metal Oxide Nanosheets for Sustainable Applications
High-efficiency Natural-gas Generators for Residential Combined Heat and Power
High Efficiency Thermoelectric Materials (skutterudites, half Heusler alloys and clathrates) and Their Mechanical Properties
In-situ Microscopic Study of Morphology Changes in Natural Hematite and Cu-spinel Particles during Cyclic Redox Gas Exposures for Chemical Looping Applications
Interrogating Nanoscale Defects to Enable Cost-Effective Solar Energy Conversion
Large Scale Energy Storage through Heat Balance Shifts at Aluminium Smelters
Leaching of Sb from TROF Furnace Doré Slag
Life Cycle Assessments of Incineration Treatment for Sharp Medical Waste
Modeling Anthropogenic Heat Flux in Climate Models
National Laboratory-led Collaborations for Accelerating Hydrogen Storage Materials Development
Potential CO2 Emission Reduction and H2 Production Using Industrial Slag Wastes Originating from Different Industrial Sectors
Power Generation Using Combined In-situ Combustion with CO2 Separation and Sequestration
The Thermodynamics of Slag Forming Inorganic Phases in Biomass Combustion Processes
Thermal Transport in High ZT Bulk Silicon Thermoelectric Materials
Thermodynamic Stability of Condensed Phases in the Ternary System CaO-Cu-O by the EMF Method
Transforming the Way Electricity is Consumed during the Aluminium Smelting Process
Valuable Metals and Energy Recovery from Electronic Waste Streams
{Ti,Zr}NiSn - based High ZT Spinodal Thermoelectrics

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