|About this Abstract
||2016 TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition
||Late News Posters
||PP-56: Carbon Fibers from Sustainable Biomass for Energy Applications
||Ryan Paul, Deanna Burwell, Xuliang Dai, Andrew Haunser, Amit Naskar, Kokouvi Akato, Nidia Gallego
|On-Site Speaker (Planned)
Today the majority of carbon materials, including carbon fibers, are made from non-renewable coal and petroleum precursors. However, carbon fibers can also be made from biomass, which is not only a more sustainable approach, but one that is less energy and CO2 intensive, with the potential for 50% lower production costs. Furthermore, biomass-based carbon fibers, such as those made from lignin, appear to perform better than incumbent carbon fiber in certain applications such as high-temperature insulation and air filtration. This talk will highlight the progress made to date by GrafTech International and Oak Ridge National Laboratory in overcoming the long-running technical challenges with converting lignin into carbon fibers, primarily to be a drop-in replacement for pitch-based carbon fibers for insulation and filtration products. The talk will also report on the development of a sustainable supply chain for lignin-based carbon fibers that is decoupled from current coal and petroleum precursors.