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Meeting 2016 TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition
Symposium Late News Posters
Presentation Title PP-56: Carbon Fibers from Sustainable Biomass for Energy Applications
Author(s) Ryan Paul, Deanna Burwell, Xuliang Dai, Andrew Haunser, Amit Naskar, Kokouvi Akato, Nidia Gallego
On-Site Speaker (Planned) Ryan Paul
Abstract Scope Today the majority of carbon materials, including carbon fibers, are made from non-renewable coal and petroleum precursors. However, carbon fibers can also be made from biomass, which is not only a more sustainable approach, but one that is less energy and CO2 intensive, with the potential for 50% lower production costs. Furthermore, biomass-based carbon fibers, such as those made from lignin, appear to perform better than incumbent carbon fiber in certain applications such as high-temperature insulation and air filtration. This talk will highlight the progress made to date by GrafTech International and Oak Ridge National Laboratory in overcoming the long-running technical challenges with converting lignin into carbon fibers, primarily to be a drop-in replacement for pitch-based carbon fibers for insulation and filtration products. The talk will also report on the development of a sustainable supply chain for lignin-based carbon fibers that is decoupled from current coal and petroleum precursors.
Proceedings Inclusion? Undecided

OTHER PAPERS PLANNED FOR THIS SYMPOSIUM

PP-10: Dispersion of Carbon Nanotubes in Aluminum Improves Radiation Resistance
PP-11: Dissimilar Metal Casting
PP-12: Effect of Boron Addition on High Manganese Steel
PP-13: Effects of Microstructure and Mechnical Properties of High Strength Alumiunm Alloy Billet & Slab on Low Frequency Electromagnetic Casting
PP-14: Electrochemical Studies of Inert Anodes for the CaCl2-CaO Melts Deoxidation
PP-15: Electrodeposited Tin-Antimony-Copper Alloy Negative Electrode for Lithium Ion Batteries
PP-16: End Product Defects in Direct-Chill Casted Hot Rolling Slabs and Melt Treatment
PP-17: Fabrication of a Functionally Graded Tungsten-Steel Laminate Plasma-Facing Material
PP-18: High Temperature in Caustic Pretreatment of Gold Locked in the Residue after Filtration from Gold Cyanidation Leaching
PP-19: Influence of Thallium Oxide on Formation of Stable Phase of Mullite
PP-1: A Monte Carlo Approach for Efficient Inclusion of Interface and Grain Boundary Scattering in the Prediction of Effective Thermal Conductivity
PP-20: Investigation of Phase Stability and Grain Growth in Nanostructured 316L Stainless Steel Produced by High-energy Mechanical Milling at Cryogenic Temperature
PP-21: Investigation of Phase Transformation and Phase Stability of Stainless Steels as a Function of Milling Time and Annealing Temperature
PP-22: Long-period Martensitic Phases in Co-Al System
PP-23: Modified Rayleigh Plateau Distribution of Dewet Metal Nanoparticles by Varied Solid-Liquid-Vapor and Solid-Liquid-Solid Interactions
PP-24: Optimization of Welding Techniques on Accident Tolerant Alloys for Nuclear Reactor Applications
PP-25: Oxidation-Induced Ferromagnetism in Nickel Gas Turbine Blades
PP-26: Phonon Wave-packet Simulations for the Prediction of Thermal Boundary Conductance
PP-27: Rapid Solidification Microstructures in Light Metal Alloys Produced by Melt Spinning
PP-28: Reduction Behavior of Carbon Composite Iron Ore Briquette
PP-29: Role of Alloying Elements on Thermal Stability of Duplex Stainless Steel
PP-2: A Novel Approach to Synthesize Cu-Ni-Al Thin Films by Electrodeposition with Potential Shape Memory Properties
PP-30: Role of Chemical Dispersion and Functionalization on Mechanical Properties in Carbon Nanotube-Polymer Composites
PP-30: Synthesis of Functionally Graded (Cu, Cu-SiC) Nanocomposite Coating on Copper Substrate by Pulse Electrodeposition
PP-31: Role of Negative Strain Rate Sensitivity(NSRS) in Failure of Aluminum Alloy 2024: Experiments and Constitutive Modeling
PP-32: Role of Stoichiometry on Ordering in Ni-Cr Alloys
PP-33: Scandium Extraction from Nickel Processing Waste with Cyanex 923 in Sulphuric Media
PP-34: Simulation of Natural Gas Pipeline Structure in Response to External Loads: Finite Element Analysis
PP-35: Size Dependent Thermal Conductivity of Single-Wall Carbon Nanotubes from Molecular Dynamics Simulations
PP-36: Statistics of High Purity Nb Properties for SRF Cavities
PP-37: Study of Powder Metallurgy on Low Melting Temperature Al Alloys for Brazing by Gas Atomizer Process
PP-38: Synthesis of Creep Resistant Pulse Electrodeposited Sn-Cu-Y2O3 Lead Free Nanocomposite Solder
PP-3: A Systematic First-principles Study of Diffusion Mechanisms in 26 Dilute Ni-X Alloy Systems
PP-40: The Effects of Heat Treatments on Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of Blade Steel
PP-41: The Influence of Processing Parameters on Aluminium Alloy A357 Manufactured by Selective Laser Melting
PP-42:Thermal Diffusivity for Cu-based Composite Materials Using the Cu-RGO Flake
PP-43: Thermal Diffusivity & Conductivity Measurement of Very Thin and Highly Conductive Materials by the Laser Flash Technique
PP-44: Thermal Phosphorus Recovery from Sewage Sludge
PP-45: Thermodynamic Interpretation of Ti, Re and V Precipitates in Dilute Tungsten Alloys from First Principles Calculations
PP-46: Thermomechanics of Nanostructured II-VI Semiconductors
PP-47: Towards Engineering the Electronic Structure of Lightweight Structural Alloys
PP-48: Ultrathin Tantalum Based High-density Power Capacitors with Low Leakage and High Operating Frequency
PP-49: Understanding Laser-Matter Interactions: An Integrated Approach for Laser Welding Characterization and Optimization
PP-4: Antimony Volatilization by Chloridizing Roasting
PP-50: Additive Manufacturing and Architected Materials
PP-51: Wear Behavior in Lubricant Environment of Chopped Fiber Reinforced C/C Composite Fabricated in Activated Carbon Bed
PP-52: China ENFI: Turn a Stone of Resource into a Gem of Fortune
PP-53: Investigation of Microstructural Variation on Yield Strength of X-70M Spiral Welded Line Pipe Steel
PP-55: Discovery/Invention of Superdielectric Materials
PP-56: Carbon Fibers from Sustainable Biomass for Energy Applications
PP-57: Effectiveness of Single and Composited Stabilizers on Enhancing Stability of Multiple Metals in Mine Soil
PP-58: Fabrication of Bulk Nanostructured Materials in Ti-Al-Ni System By Mechanical Alloying and Shock-Wave Consolidation
PP-5: Characterization and Optimization of Bulk Ni-Fe Spinels for Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Applications
PP-60: Simulation of Molten Sn-3.0Ag-0.5Cu Wetting on cylindrical and V-shaped Substrates
PP-61: Simulation Study on Wettability of Sn–3.5Ag on the Inclined Cu Substrate
PP-62: Towards Engineering the Electronic Structure of Lightweight Structural Alloys
PP-63: Crystallization Kinetics of K2O and Li2O Modified Na2O-P2O5 Glasses as Solid Electrolyte
PP-6: Characterization of Oxide Structure of Sr-modified Al-Si Alloys
PP-7: Compressive Behavior and Modeling of Ti Foams Processed by Freeze-casting
PP-8: Copper Extraction from Sulfate-chloride Media using Ketoxime and Salicylaldoxime Extractants
PP-9: Direct Comparison between High Temperature Nanoindentation Creep and Uniaxial Creep Measurements

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