ProgramMaster Logo
Conference Tools for 2017 TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition
Register as a New User
Submit An Abstract
Propose A Symposium
Presenter/Author Tools
Organizer/Editor Tools
About this Abstract
Meeting 2017 TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition
Symposium Biological Materials Science
Presentation Title Biological and Bio-inspired Flexible Armor Based on Chiton’s Girdle Scales
Author(s) Ling Li, Matthew Connors, Ahmed Hosny, Douglass Earnisse, Mason Dean, James C. Weaver, Christine Ortiz
On-Site Speaker (Planned) Ling Li
Abstract Scope In this work, we study the ultrastructural, geometrical, and mechanical designs for the flexible biological armor based on the dorsal girdle scales from a group of mollusks called chitons. This composite armor system consists of three main components: aragonite-based scales on top, a soft tissue in the middle, and an assembly of mineralized microrods covering the bottom. By using synchrotron X-ray micro-computed tomography, we quantified the 3D geometries of scales from multiple species (families Chitonidae and Ischnochitonidae). We then demonstrate a biologically inspired flexible protective material system based on a full 3D parametric model of the scales. We explore the trade-off between mechanical protection and flexibility through direct mechanical testing of 3D-printed prototypes derived from the parametric model. Our results show that the scale curvatures result in interlocking of scales when a critical bending curvature is achieved, leading to a dramatic increase in bending stiffness after the initial low-stiffness regime.
Proceedings Inclusion? Planned: Supplemental Proceedings volume


3D Printing of Hierarchical Porous Materials
A Functional Natural Adhesive: The Feather Vane and Inspired Designs
Avoiding Brain Injury: A Structural Role of the Frontal Overhang on the Skull Bone of Woodpeckers
Bio-inspired Design of Hierarchical Materials
Bio-inspired Flexible Armors with 3D Printed Tailored Architectures
Bioinspired Adhesive Surfaces - Designs for Non-Smooth Counter Surfaces
Bioinspired Design Strategies
Bioinspired Structural Materials - “Nacre-Like” Compliant-Phase Ceramics: Where Are We Now?
Biological and Bio-inspired Flexible Armor Based on Chiton’s Girdle Scales
Biological Martensitic Phase Transformations in Bacterial Flagella and other Helical Protein Crystals
Biological Materials Science: Challenges and Opportunities
Capturing the Geometry, Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of Marine Diatom Frustules Using Nanoscale Silica Structures
Design of Novel Low-Ni Shape Memory Alloys for Biomedical Applications
Development of Sponge Structure and Casting Conditions for Absorbable Magnesium Bone Implants
Empirically Testing Vaterite Structural Models Using Neutron Diffraction and Thermal Analysis
Engineering Antibacterial and Anti-Biofilm Surfaces
Exploring the Structural Diversity of Seahorse Tails
Fabrication and Characterization of Bioinspired Alumina with a Bulk Metallic Glass Matrix
Fabrication, Characterization and Modeling of Freeze-casted Ceramic Platelet Composites
H-10: Effect of Cu Content on the Antimicrobial Properties of Copper Alloys
H-11: Effect of the Oxidation of Copper and its Alloys on the Antimicrobial Efficacy of Touch Surfaces
H-12: Investigating Biochemical Constituents of Cymbopogon Citratus Leaf: Prospects on Total Corrosion of Concrete Steel-rebar in Acidic-Sulphate Medium
H-14: Structure-Property Relations of the Ironclad Beetle (Zopherus nodulus haldemani) Exoskeleton
H-15: Synthesis and Characterization of Mesoporous Forsterite/Magnesium Oxide Composite Powder
H-16: The Protective Scales of Atractosteus Spatula and the Production of a Bioinspired Armor
H-17: Microstructural Characterization of Freeze-casted Al2O3 Scaffold
H-18: Two-step Sintering Effects on the Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of Forsterite Scaffolds
H-19: Aligned Carbon Nanotubes Reinforced Electrospun Polymeric Scaffold for Peripheral Nerve Repair
H-20: Bioinspired by Porcupine Quills: Freeze Cast Porous Scaffolds Strengthened by Shrink Wrap and Infiltration with Biodegradable Materials
H-21: Bone Remodeling under Tooth Loading
H-23: Development of 3D Template Freeze Casted Hydroxyapatite/Magnesium Alloy Biodegradable Implants
H-24: Image Processing Techniques for Testing of Soft Materials: an Example with Tensile Deformation of Pig Skin
H-25: Mammal Horns as Natural Weapons
H-26: Microstructural Origins of the Dynamic Behavior of Wood and Bioinspired Designs
H-27: Porous 45S5 Bioglass®-based Scaffolds Using Stereolithography: Effect of Partial Pre-sintering on Structural and Mechanical Properties of Scaffolds
H-28: Production of Zinc-Magnesium Alloy Wires by Thermal Drawing for Pediatric Bioabsorbable Stent Applications
H-29: Structure-property Quantification for the Bio-inspiration of the Great White (Carcharodon carcharias) and the Tiger (Galeocerdo cuvier) Shark’s Teeth
H-30: Structure and Mechanical Behavior of Human Hair
H-31: Structure and Mechanical Implications of the Pectoral Fin Skeleton in Longnose Skates
H-32: Study of Formation of Passivating Oxides in Thin Films of Ti-Nb for Biomedical Applications
H-33: Surface Magnetized Hydroxyapatite for Multi-Axis Strengthened Bone Implants with Magnetic Freeze Casting
H-34: Comparison of Deproteinization Methods for Porcine Femoral Cortical Bone
Impact and Wear Resistant Biological Composites: Insight to Next Generation Multifunctional Materials
Improving the Performance of Dental Restorative Composites
Intrinsic and Extrinsic Control of Bioinspired Freeze Casting
Lessons Learned from the Mighty Dactyl Club of the Mantis Shrimp
Localized Nanomechancial Characterization of Arterial Stiffening in Human Arteries with the PeakForce Quantitative Nanomechanical Mapping Technique
Mechanical Properties of Synthetic Bone and Tissue Simulants
Mechanical Property and Humidity-triggered Reaction of the Cones of Liquidambar Formosana
Multiscale Experiment and Computational Insight into Mechanical and Electromechanical Behavior of Collagen
Nacre’s Strategy to Enhance Its Mechanical and Fracture Properties
Nano- and Micro- scale Mechanical Properties of the Sclera following Proteoglycan Degradation
On the Impact Resistance of Horn and Hoof in Different Loading Orientations
On the Stress Relaxation and Tear Resistance of Skin
Osteoporosis and Fatigue Fracture Prevention by Analysis of Bone Microdamage
Peptide-Enabled Materials & Systems for Technology & Medicine
Porcupine Fish Inspired Radial and Concentric Freeze
Revisiting Laminated Glass Using Bio-inspired Architectures
Smart Biocoatings for Tunable Bioactivity at the Bio-Material Site
Spatial Variations in the Rate of Aging of Mineralized Tissues
Stretch-and-release Fabrication, Testing and Optimization of a Bioinspired Flexible Ceramic Armor
Structure and Mechanical Behavior of Coelacanth Scales
Synergistic Porous Structures from Magnetic Freeze Casting with Surface Magnetized Alumina Particles and Platelets
Synthesis of Magnetic Nanoparticles as Effective Hyperthermia Agent
The Effect Moisture Content on Mechanical Properties of Lignin and Hemicellulose
The Effect of Freezing, Thawing, and Drying on the Tensile Strength of Galleria mellonella Silk
The First Barrier to Penetration of Fish Scales: Structure and Properties of the Limiting Layer
The Geometric Effects of a Woodpecker’s Hyoid Apparatus for Stress Wave Mitigation
The Hierarchical Structure of Atractosteus Spatula (Alligator Gar Fish) Boney Scales: XRM and Finite Element Modeling Characterization of Structural Porosity
Time Dependent Deformation Behavior of Aged Dentin
Wet-lay Textile Technique for Biological Fiber Reinforced Hydrogel Scaffolds

Questions about ProgramMaster? Contact