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Meeting 2018 TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition
Symposium Biodegradable Materials for Medical Applications
Presentation Title Study on Polylactide-coconut Fibre for Biomedical Applications
Author(s) Oluwashina Gbenebor, Rasaq Atoba, Emmanuel Isaac Akpan, Abraham Aworinde, Samuel Olaleye, Samson Adeosun
On-Site Speaker (Planned) Oluwashina Gbenebor
Abstract Scope Polylactide (PLA) reinforced with 5 wt. % coconut shell particles (CSp) were electrospun using 0.09 - 0.14 g/ml composite solutions in Dichloromethane (DCM) while keeping the spinneret angle to the collector at 30, 45 and 900. The fibres produced were subjected to mechanical, microstructural and fluid absorption (in distilled water and phosphate buffer solution, PBS, at 31 0C and 70 0C) examinations. The results indicated that the fibres demonstrated improved mechanical properties due to the presence of intercalated structures and good alignment of reinforcement particles with the matrix fibre. A Young Modulus of 126.96 MPa was obtained at 0.1 g/ml composite concentration compared to 0.52 MPa for virgin PLA at the same concentration. At 0.11 g/ml composite concentration, the Young modulus was 121.61 MPa compared to 1.1 MPa virgin PLA at the same concentration. The addition of CSp to the PLA matrix increased the number of pores in the fibres matrix giving rise to a pore diameter of 30.3 Ám at 0.1 g/ml composite concentration for 300 spinneret angle. The fluid absorption test showed that reinforced PLA has high affinity for water and PBS at test temperatures than virgin, while the latter and former are good water absorbers. The resulting fibres can therefore, be used as towels, diapers, wound dressers, filters and in tissue engineering.
Proceedings Inclusion? Planned: Supplemental Proceedings volume


Biocompatibility of Biodegradable Mg-Zn-Ca Metallic Glass
Biodegradable Borate Glass for Wound Healing and Bone Regeneration Implants via Boronizing
Biodegradable Mg-implants – Current Market Experiences
Biological Response of Surface Modified Mg-Sr Alloy for Orthopedic Applications
Comparative Study on Corrosion Behavior WE33 in Immersion and Polarization Influenced by Heat Treatment
Corrosion Properties of Mg-Ca-Gd Alloy Applied to Biodegradable Implants
Development of a Bioresorbable Vascular Scaffold for Treating Coronary Artery Disease: A Case Study
Development of a New Biodegradable Surgical Clip Made of a Magnesium Alloy: Evaluation of its Safety and Tolerability for Canine Cholecystectomy
Development of Porous and Biodegradable Hydroxyapatite/Mg Alloy Composite as Biodegradable Implants for Orthopaedic Applications
Effect of Additive Zinc on Mechanical Properties and Degradation Behavior of Magnesium
Fe-based Alloys: A New Class of High Strength Low-degradation Biodegradable Metals for Health Applications
H-2: Development of Biodegradable Operative Zinc Clips for Ligation
H-3: Long Term Biocompatibility of Zinc and its Alloys for Absorbable Vascular Scaffolds
Influence of Casting on Microstructure and Corrosion of Mg-Ca-Zn Alloys for Biomedical Application
Is Corrosion Fatique Relevant for Biodegradable Magnesium Implants?
Mechanical and Corrosion Property Profile of Biodegradable, Open-porous Scaffolds Made of Sintered Magnesium Short Fibers
Mechanical Properties of Nanocrystalline Bioresorbable Fe-Mn Alloy
Metal Injection Molding (MIM) of Mg-Alloys
Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of Mg-Gd Alloys as Biodegradable Implant Materials
Microstructure Properties and In-vitro Degradation Behavior of the Bioresorbable Magnesium Alloy ZNdK100
Opportunities Offered by Zinc Alloys for Degradable Implants: Recent Trends and Developments
Osteosynthesis in a Growing Ovine Model using Bioresorbable Rare-earth-free Magnesium Screws
Osteosynthesis in an Osteoporotic Rat Model Using Magnesium-based Pins
Progress in Absorbable Wire Technology for Next Generation Devices
Progress on Bioabsorbable Zn Alloys for Vascular Stent Applications
Resoloy – the Resorbable Mg Alloy for Stents
Study on Polylactide-coconut Fibre for Biomedical Applications
Surface Modification of Biomaterials by Plasma-based Technology
Visualisation of Implant Failure by Synchrotron Tomography

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