|About this Abstract
||Part C-1: Hydrometallurgy 2018
||Solubility of Rare Earth Salts in Sulphate-Phosphate Solutions of Hydrometallurgical Relevance
||Thusitha Senarath Bandara, Gamini Senanayake, Devindri Perera, Sunil Jayasekera
|On-Site Speaker (Planned)
The solubility of rare earth (RE) salts in aqueous solutions depend on many factors including the type of cations and anions in solution, their concentrations, temperature and the type of solid precipitated. Experiments were conducted using anhydrous La2(SO4)3 and Ce2(SO4)3.8H2O as solids and lanthanum(III) perchlorate prepared by dissolving La2O3 in HClO4 solutions as RE-sources. Solutions of H2SO4, H3PO4 and their mixtures in the presence or absence of Na+, Ca2+, Fe(III) or Al(III) as perchlorates served as test solutions. Saturated solutions and precipitated solids were assayed and characterized using standard techniques to show that the La(III) and Ce(III) ions precipitate as hydrated sulphates, phosphates or double salts with sodium, depending upon the solution composition. The change in solubility of RE-salts with solution composition and temperature is the result of the composite effect of changes in solubility products (pKSP) of salts, pKa of acids and other equilibrium constants for ion-association.
||Planned: At-meeting proceedings