This talk will be based on recent publication on In situ atomic-scale observation of twinning dominated deformation in nanoscale body-centered cubic tungsten, Nature Material by Jiangwei Wang, Scott X. Mao et al. Twinning is a fundamental deformation mode that competes against dislocation slip in crystalline solids. Deformation twinning has been well documented in FCC nanoscale crystals. Here, by using in situ high-resolution transmission electron microscopy, we report that twinning is the dominant deformation mechanism in nanoscale bi-crystals of BCC tungsten. Such deformation twinning is found to be pseudoelastic, manifested through reversible detwinning during unloading. We find that the competition between twinning and dislocation slip can be mediated by loading orientation, which is attributed to the competing nucleation mechanism of defects in nanoscale BCC bi-crystals. Our work provides direct observations of deformation twinning under cyclic loading as well as new insights into the deformation mechanism in BCC nanostructures.