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Meeting 2018 TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition
Symposium Perfluorocarbon Generation and Emissions from Industrial Processes
Presentation Title Validation of Online Monitoring of PFC by QCL with FTIR Spectroscopy
Author(s) Thor Anders Aarhaug, Alain Ferber, Heiko Gaertner, Steinar Kolås, Sven Olof Ryman, Peter Geiser
On-Site Speaker (Planned) Thor Anders Aarhaug
Abstract Scope Monitoring of PFC evolution from aluminium smelting is gaining attention, not only because of their high greenhouse gas potentials but also due to process optimization purposes. Conventionally, PFC monitoring has been conducted by extractive sampling and subsequent analysis by FTIR spectroscopy. With FTIR, the quantification can be performed by IR spectral features specific for PFC. The downside is a requirement of gas scrubbing to remove HF detrimental to the instrument as well as relatively poor gas dynamics due to the large internal gas volume of the instrument. With emerging quantum cascade laser technology, online monitoring can now be conducted with duct mounted lasers with calcium fluoride optical windows. Due to a strong spectral overlap of CF4 and other gas constituents present in the process (e.g., methane), the QCL instruments currently suffer from some cross-interference. In this work, QCL single cell PFC monitoring has been validated by simultaneous monitoring with FTIR.
Proceedings Inclusion? Planned: Light Metals


An Estimation of PFC Emission by Rare Earth Electrolysis
Attributing PFC Emissions to Different Industries: How Bottom-up Trends Can Complicate Top-down Analyses
Challenges in Estimating Global CF4 and C2F6 Emissions
Conditions and Mechanisms of Gas Emissions from Didymium Electrolysis and Its Process Control
Evaluation of Time Consistency when Quantifying Emissions of Perfluorocarbons Resulting from Low Voltage Anode Effects
Fluorinated Gas Production: Underestimated Source of PFCs?
Low Voltage PFC Measurements and Potential Alternative to Reduce Them at Alcoa Smelters
Methodologies to Measure Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Emissions from Industrial Processes and Determine the GHG Emission Factors
New Algorithm for Calculating CF4 Emissions from High Voltage Anode Effects
New Approach for Quantification of Perfluorocarbons Resulting from High Voltage Anode Effects
Perfluorocarbon Formation during Rare Earth Electrolysis
PFC Emission Reduction in the Semiconductor Industry
PFC Evolution Characteristics during Aluminium and Rare Earth Electrolysis
PFCs from the Chinese Aluminium Sector – Challenges in Emissions Accounting and Further Characteristics
Updated Factors for Calculating PFC Emissions from Primary Aluminum Production
Validation of Online Monitoring of PFC by QCL with FTIR Spectroscopy

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