|About this Abstract
||2018 TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition
||Characterization of Minerals, Metals, and Materials
||Humic Acid-based Silica Composite Aerogels--A Preliminary Study
||Guihong Han, Chaolei Lv, Yongsheng Zhang, Wei Wang
|On-Site Speaker (Planned)
Silica aerogels are promising in many applications because of their excellent properties. However, the real applications of pure silica aerogels are limited because of their fragile network structure. We have prepared silica aerogel composites using humic acid as a composite material for improving the performance of silica aerogels and valorization of humic acid. The silica hydrogel composite was prepared using sodium silicate as a precursor and humic acid as a composite material by acid-base catalysis and sol-gel method. The hydrogel was followed by freeze-drying to obtain composite aerogel. The microstructures, specific surface area, and functional groups of silica and composite aerogel were characterized using scanning electron microscope (SEM), brunauer-emmett-teller (BET) and fourier transform infrared spectrometer (FTIR). The results demonstrated that the specific surface area of the silica composite aerogel was 307 m2/g under the condition of pH at 6, the mass ratio of silicon to humic acid (HA) at 3.82 and the molar ratio of N, N-dimethylformamide (DMF) to silicon at 0.9. X-ray diffraction (XRD) showed that the silica (composite) aerogels were amorphous. Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) revealed that the silica aerogels lost weight from 150 °C to 250 °C and humic acid decomposed between 350 °C and 500 °C, and then the mass of the sample remained stable.
||Planned: None Selected