|About this Abstract
||Part C-3: Processing of Critical Metals
||Recycling of Li-Ion and Li-Solid State Batteries: The Role of Hydrometallurgy
||Francois Larouche, George P. Demopoulos, Kamyab Amouzegar, Patrick Bouchard, Karim Zaghib
|On-Site Speaker (Planned)
Since their commercialization in the early 1990’s, lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) have become ubiquitous for powering a myriad of portable electronics. Their usage now extends to the automotive industry and stationary energy storage market. With an average life of 6.2 years and the strong demand, the volume of spent LIBs has increased exponentially making recycling mandatory. Currently, recycling/recovery of spent LIBs is limited in comparison to all other types of batteries. The current processes focus mainly on the recovery of the most valuable metals such as cobalt and nickel, leaving lithium and phosphate in a low value end-product. It is necessary that new advanced recycling technologies are developed for the recovery of spent LIBs both from an economic and environmental perspective. In this paper, the current R&D status of LIBs recycling is reviewed with the emphasis placed on hydrometallurgical processing opportunities for Li-ion and Li-solid state batteries.
||Planned: At-meeting proceedings