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Meeting Materials Science & Technology 2014
Symposium Understanding the Engineering Design of Art Objects and Cultural Heritage
Presentation Title Nanoindentation of Naturally Aged Biopolymers: Testing the Mechanical Properties of Oil Paints from Van Gogh Forward
Author(s) Madeleine Wright, Katherine Faber, Kenneth Shull, Francesca Casadio, Maria Kokkori, Kimberley Muir
On-Site Speaker (Planned) Katherine Faber
Abstract Scope Since the 15th century, oil has been the medium of choice for painters throughout the Western world. Compared to chemistries, the mechanical properties of paint films have been the subject of limited investigations. Their study is nevertheless important because it has implications for the deterioration, handling, storage, and treatment of paintings. Until recently, tensile strength measurements provided insight into the mechanical properties of paint strips, but the sample sizes required for these limited their applicability to actual artworks. Because of the sizes involved, nanoindentation can be applied to investigate the properties of paint films. Here, nanoindentation measurements are conducted on reference synthetic and oil-based paints along with cross-sections of 19th and 20th century paintings from the Art Institute of Chicago. The results allowed for determination of changes in stiffness and embrittlement of zinc oxide-based paints selected to cover a span from van Gogh’s The Bedroom, 1889 to contemporary acrylic paints.
Proceedings Inclusion? Definite: A CD-only volume


3-D Reconstruction of Ag-plated Cultural Heritage Objects Using Dual Beam SEM/FIB
Atomic Layer Deposited Films as Diffusion Barriers for Silver Cultural Heritage Objects
Biological Clocks: High Throughput Identification of Deterioration Markers and Dating of Museums' Proteinaceous Specimens
Deconstructing and Reconstructing a Popular Art Conservation Adhesive: BEVAŽ 371
Determining the Firing Conditions of Ancient Korean Celadons: Correcting for the Role of Iron
Determining the Firing Conditions of Ancient Porcelain
From Additive Manufacturing of Glass and Ceramics to Architectural Design and Detailing
Investigating the Firing Protocol of Athenian Pottery Production: A XANES and Hi-resolution TEM Study
Microstructural Influences on Marble Degradation Mechanisms
Mineralogical Changes Observed during Experimental Firing of Traditional Mud Bricks: Implications to History and Culture in the Biblical City of Tel Megiddo, Israel
Nanoindentation of Naturally Aged Biopolymers: Testing the Mechanical Properties of Oil Paints from Van Gogh Forward
Saving the Vivid Yellows of Henri Matisse and Edvard Munch: Preservation Begins with Reverse Engineering
Science and Preservation of the Daguerreotype
Technical Analysis and Replication of Corinthian Polychrome Slips, 8th - 6th Centuries BCE
The Design, Manufacture and Use of Some Neolithic Period Chinese Ceramics
Understanding Soap Formation in Paint Films by 207Pb, 119Sn and 13C Solid-state NMR

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